1993 Annual Report

Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1993

Carl B. Haynie

This report contains the decisions of the Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society reached during 1993. For information on previous actions of the TBRC, see Arnold (1984, 1985), Lasley (1988, 1989, 1990, 1991), and Haynie (1992, 1992). The TBRC requests and reviews documentation on any record of a Texas Review Species (see end of report) as well as any record of any species if requested to do so by a member of the TBRC. Some of the records submitted to the TBRC during 1993 were gleaned from old American Birds or Christmas Bird Count files; thus some portion of the work of the committee during 1993 was to catch up on older records. The TBRC reached a final decision on 174 records during 1993: 127 records of 53 species were accepted and 47 records of 30 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 73% for this report. There were 207 observers who submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 1993.

This report officially adds 6 species to the Texas state list: Red-necked Grebe, Collared Plover, Wandering Tattler, Slaty-backed Gull, Green-breasted Mango, and Olive Warbler. The grebe was elevated from the Presumptive Species List (see end of report) when photographs were recently uncovered and the submitted record was accepted. The mango replaced "Anthracothorax species" which was added to the Texas state list in 1990. During 1993, the committee also accepted a sight record of Social Flycatcher. As a result, this previously unrecorded species constituted a new addition to the Presumptive Species List. The above actions brought the official Texas state list at the end of 1993 to 590 species in good standing. And with the removal of Red-necked Grebe and the addition of Social Flycatcher, the official Presumptive Species List remained at 4 species.

The TBRC solicits reports of any species on the Review List as well as any species not previously accepted for Texas. We desire written descriptions as well as photographs and tape recordings if available. If anyone has information concerning a Review Species but is unsure how to submit that information please contact any member of the TBRC or contact the committee secretary, Greg Lasley, 305 Loganberry Court, Austin, Texas 78745-6527. For guidelines on preparing rare bird documentation, readers are encouraged to consult "How to Document Rare Birds" (Dittmann and Lasley 1992).

The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following The AOU Checklist of North American Birds (AOU 1983) as currently supplemented. A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 1993. In instances where birds were known to return from previous years, this number will be followed by a slash and a second number. The second number denotes the total number of accepted records if returnees are excluded. The number(s) will be listed for all Review Species, but not for certain other species (see end of report). Within each species the records are listed chronologically. All observers who submitted written documentation or photos of accepted records are listed by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface (assuming the discoverers submitted a description). There has been no attempt to list all observers who saw a particular bird. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. This number consists of the year the record was originally submitted to the committee followed by a dash then a number. If photos are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. If a tape recording of the bird is on file with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam Houston State University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number if available. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases we have supplemented this with a full range of dates the bird(s) was present if that information was made available to us later. All locations in italics are counties.

TBRC Membership. -- Members of the TBRC during 1993 who participated in decisions listed in this report are: John Arvin, Chairman, Keith Arnold, Academician, Greg Lasley, Secretary, Carl Haynie, Martin Reid, Chuck Sexton, Bret Whitney, David Wolf, and Barry Zimmer. During 1993, Bret Whitney retired from the committee, John Arvin was elected Chairman, Chuck Sexton was elected to a second term, and Martin Reid and Gail Luckner were elected as new members.

Contributors. -- Richard Albert, Lynne Aldrich, Richard Allan (RAl), Tony Amos, Jim Anderson, Margaret Anderson, Nanette Armstrong, Rich Armstrong, M. J. Atkinson, Mike Austin (MAu), Paul Baicich, Alma Barrera, Bruce Barrett, Charles Bender (CBe), Chris Benesh, Lorie Black, Hazel Bluhm, David Bradford, Marcia Braun, David Brotherton (DBr), Tim Brush, Kelly Bryan, Frank Bumgardner, Dennis Caputo, Oscar Carmona, Dawn Carrie (DCa), Charlie Clark, Fred Collins, Arlie Cooksey, Mel Cooksey, Louise Crow, Jim Culbertson, Pat Culbertson, Rosalie Cutrer, David Dauphin, Laurel DeVaney (LDe), Lewis Dimfast, Gladys Donohue, Jon Dunn, Gil Echrich, Kim Eckert, Tom Edwards (TEd), Victor Emanuel, Doug Emkalns, Ted Eubanks, Mike Farmer, Bill Farnsworth (BFa), Shawneen Finnegan, Dean Fisher, Phyllis Frank, Tony Frank, Brush Freeman, Louise Gambill, Red Gambill, Hugh Garnett, John Gee, Brian Gibbons, Jeff Gordon (JGo), Peter Gottschling, Jesse Grantham (JGr), Janet Green, Mary Gustafson, Frank Hahn, Bruce Hallett, Laurens Halsey, Jane Hamilton, Peggy Harding, Joe Harris (JHa), Michael Harvey, Tyrrell Harvey, Carl Haynie, Thomas R. Hays (TRH), Rhandy Helton, Dick Henderson, R. Tod Highsmith (RTH), Petra Hockey (PHo), Buddy Hollis (BHo), Joan Howard (JHo), P. D. Hulce (PDH), Joe Ideker, Pete Isleib, Nick Jackson, Carlene Johnson, Corky & Joye Johnson (C&JJ), Willard Johnson, Betty Jukes, Wulf Kappes, John Karges (JKa), John F. Kelly (JFK), Richard Kinney, Jane Kittleman, Ed Kutac, Leon LaLonde, William Lamond, Greg Lasley, Paul Lehman, Margie Little (MLi), Ray Little, Mark Lockwood, Sue Lower, Gail Diane Luckner (GDL), Guy Luneau (GLu), Joan Luneau, Leon Lynn (LLy), Fermin Mancha, Michael Manson (MMa), Curtis Marantz, David Mark, Dave Markley, Dennis Martin (DMa), Steve Matherly (SMa), David Matson (DaM), Terry Maxwell, John McBride (JMcB), Guy McCaskie, Elric McHenry (EMcH), Brad McKinney, Paul McKneely, John McLemore (JMcL), Steve Metz (SMe), Paul Micallef (PMi), Brian Minshull (BMi), Steven Mlodinow, Marilyn Moore, Arnold Moorhouse, Elaine Morman, Jack Morman, Vicky Mosely, Allan J. Mueller (AJM), John Muldrow (JMu), Derek Muschalek (DMu), Terry & Jeanie Naas (T&JN), Ken Nanney, Bruce Neville (BNe), Nancy Newfield, Michael Nickell, Bob Norris, John O'Brien, Norman Orr, Brent Ortego, Paul Palmer, Mike Patterson, Dick Payne, Stephen Perry, Bruce Peterjohn, Jim Peterson, Tom Pincelli, Perry Ping (PPi), Lea Pummill, Richard Purvis, Michael Quinn, Ross Rasmussen (RRa), Martin Reid, Bill Reiner, Barbara Ribble (BRi), Debra Richards (DeR), Don Richardson, Don Riley (DoR), Jan Risser, Will Risser, Karyn Rotker (KRo), Ed Rozenberg, Ken Russell, Rod Rylander, Willie Sekula, Lonie Selby, Maurice Selby, Chuck Sexton, W. Shifflett (WSh), David Sibley (DSi), J. W. Sifford (JWS), David Simon, Dick Sloss, John Smith (JSm), John Sproul, Darleen Stevens (DSt), Byron Stone, Glenn Swartz, Scott Swengel, Bill Tarbox, Robert Thacker (RTh), Timothy Thomas, Jay Thomasson, Mike Thompson, Steve Thompson, Ian Tizard, Robert Tizard, John Trochet (JTr), Cathy Turney, Sue Utterback, Allen Valentine, Eric Vanderwerf, Bettye Vernon, Peter Walsh, Brent Wauer, Ro Wauer, Matt White (MWh), Frances Williams, Steve Williams, Kris Wilson, Walt Wilson, David Wolf, Mimi Wolf, Alan Wormington, and Barry Zimmer.

Acknowledgments. -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. We would also like to offer our sincere thanks to the following consultants who provided the TBRC with expert opinion, advice, or other information concerning records reviewed during 1993: Robert Bleiweiss, Gary Graves, Dave Lee, Robert Ridgely, Tom Schulenberg, Dick Sloss, and F. Gary Stiles. The author would especially like to thank Greg Lasley for reviewing the draft of this article and for making several helpful comments and suggestions.

Additional Abbreviations. -- AB = American Birds magazine; AMNH = American Museum of Natural History; BBNP = Big Bend National Park; GMNP = Guadalupe Mountains National Park; NWR = National Wildlife Refuge; SP = State Park; TCWC = Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection (Texas A&M University); TOS = Texas Ornithological Society.

Accepted Records

Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) (18). Two were photographed on Lake Texoma, Grayson during their stay 20 December 1991 & 24 February - 14 March 1992 (HG, MP; 1992-42, TPRF #1103). One bird, apparently stained by oil, was photographed at Mustang Island, Nueces on 11 January 1992 (BG; 1992-83, TPRF #1115). Two were on Lake Tawakoni, Rains from 31 January - 7 February 1993 (MWh, RK; 1993-29).

Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) (39). An adult in breeding plumage flew by the Port Bolivar - Galveston ferry, Galveston on 26 April 1990 (KR, LDe; 1990-113). One was on Calaveras Lake, Bexar on 7 December 1991 (WS; 1992-75). Up to two were seen and photographed on Offatt's Bayou, Galveston from 24 December 1991 - 21 May 1992 (PG, GDL, JD, TF, PF, GL; 1992-41, TPRF #1105). One was photographed on Lake O' The Pines, Marion during its stay 13 January - 16 February 1992 (KN, PH, JWS, HB, FB, DW; 1992-22). A weakened bird was photographed from the beach at Port Aransas, Nueces on 28 May 1992; it later died (TA; 1992-86, *TCWC #13003, TPRF #1079). Up to two were on Lake Tawakoni, Rains/Van Zandt from 12 December 1992 - 7 February 1993 (RK, CH, MR, PPi, MWh; 1992-167 & 1993-21).

Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) (2). One was on Lake O' The Pines, Marion from 12-14 January 1992 (JD, SU, PH, KN; 1992-23). This second record for Texas was the first yellow- billed considered "chaseable" by birders, however it proved to be disappointedly elusive.

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (8). One was photographed on Big Lake, Reagan during its stay 23-30 November 1975 (TM; 1992-129, TPRF #1069). This recently uncovered photograph was enough to elevate the species to full status on the Texas list. As a result, the five records formerly categorized as "accepted presumptive species" join the three records accepted here in sharing full status. One was at Freeport, Brazoria on 19 December 1982 (DD, ER, JMcL, DC; 1991-101). One was on Bob Sandlin Lake, Titus on 15 November 1992 (RAl; 1993-2).

Greater Shearwater (Puffinus gravis) (5). One was found dead on the beach at Padre Island, Kleberg on 6 September 1991 (JFK, MQ; 1992-20, *TCWC #xxxx, TPRF #1076).

Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) (7). One was in the channel in north Galveston, Galveston on 26 December 1990 (PF, TF; 1991-1). After three circulations and much discussion at the annual meeting, this first sight record for the species in Texas was accepted. As was the case here, it was argued that sight and even photographic records of this species would be very difficult to impossible to distinguish from Short-tailed Shearwater. But given the high improbability of the latter's occurrence in the Gulf, the committee agreed that all future records of Sooty/Short-tailed Shearwater (including the two records here) would be treated as Sooty Shearwater. One was off Boca Chica, Cameron on 6 January 1992 (JD, SU; 1992-27).

Audubon's Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri) (12). One was found dead on the beach at Port Aransas, Nueces on 23 January 1989 (TA, GL; 1992-46, *TCWC #1281x(x=6or4?), TPRF #1096). One was 70 miles east of Port Aransas on 18 September 1992 (CH, MR, CS; 1992-123, TPRF #1068).

Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) (12). One was picked up sick from West Beach on Galveston Island, Galveston on 25 July 1983 when it was turned over to a rehabilitator, but it later died (AJM; 1992-156). Regrettably, no photographs were taken, the specimen was discarded, and we were left only with a barely acceptable description.

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) (31). One was in Austin, Travis on 7 May 1991 (BR; 1991-63). One was photographed in McAllen, Hidalgo during its stay 5-9 April 1992 (RG, LG, BZ; 1992-73, TPRF #1080). Two were near Petronilla, Nueces on 16 & 17 April 1992 (AC, MC, GS, RL, MLi; 1992-66). One was photographed at Fort Bliss, El Paso during its stay 29 April - 4 May 1992 (BZ; 1992-91, TPRF #1097). One was photographed at High Island, Galveston during its stay 7-8 May 1992 (FC, JD; 1992-97, TPRF #1085). One was photographed in Austin during its stay 16-17 May 1992 (VE, GL, EK; 1992-71, TPRF #1093). One was in southeast Dallas from 8-23 May 1992 (RRa; 1992-79). Two were photographed on West Galveston Island, Galveston on 21 June 1992 (TE; 1992-111, TPRF #1086). Two were photographed in northwest Fort Worth, Tarrant on 19 December 1992 (CH; 1992-168, TPRF #xxxx). One was at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 30 December 1992 - 2 January 1993 (JI, VM, JMcB; 1993-19).

Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) (12). A male was north of Funston, Jones from 17 February - 2 March 1992 (TEd, LB, JHo; 1992-82).

Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) (3/2). Last year's drake returned for its second year to La Porte, Harris from 17 December 1992 - 19 January 1993 (BHo, LL; 1992-169).

Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica) (19). Unless otherwise noted, all birds were in "female" plumage. Three were at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 28-30 December 1975 (GM; 1992- 147). One breeding-plumaged male was in Hidalgo on 24 June 1990 (JR, WR; 1990-119). One was at Laguna Larga on the King Ranch, Kleberg on 24 April 1992 (MF, JGr; 1992-68). One was in Seadrift, Calhoun from 14 December 1992 - 3 January 1993 (WJ, RW, PHo, JT, GDL, GL, CH, MC, AC, PG, ML; 1992-161, TPRF #xxxx). Up to four were at Brazos Bend SP, Fort Bend from 20 December 1992 - March 1993 (DB, BT, DCa; 1993-1). One was at Santa Ana NWR from 25-27 December 1992 (SMa, GDL, JC, PC; 1993-12, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this record was published in AB 47:321. The preceding 4 records and 10 reports currently in circulation bear testimony to the large incursion of Masked Ducks witnessed during 1992 and 1993.

Collared Plover (Charadrius collaris) (1). One adult female was at the Uvalde National Fish Hatchery, Uvalde from 9-12 May 1992 (GDL, DF, GL, CS, ML, WS, CH, JMu, CC, LA, AC, BO, RH, RTH; 1992-70, TPRF #1099). Photographs documenting this first record for the United States were published in AB 46:501 and on the cover of the TOS Newsletter, 40(2).

Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa) (16). At least two immatures were photographed below Falcon Dam, Starr during their stay 6 November 1992 - 15 April 1993 (SW, MF, GDL, DH, CM, SM, OC, JI, CH; 1992-131, TPRF #1100). One immature was photographed in Seadrift, Calhoun during its stay 10 December 1992 - 22 April 1993 (JA, BFa, CH, GDL, GL, MC, AC, PG, ML; 1992-159, TPRF #xxxx). Another immature was at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 12 February - early May 1993 (DMa, BM; 1993-26).

Wandering Tattler (Heteroscelus incanus) (1). One was in Galveston, Galveston from 23 April - 8 May 1992 (MT, BMi, MR, GDL, DB, LH, RTh, TF, PF, LA, JD; 1992-64, TPRF #1090). A photograph documenting this first record for Texas was published in AB 46:500.

Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) (11). One was in Freeport, Brazoria on 20 December 1992 (DD; 1993-11).

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) (16/13). One was in Austin, Travis from 25 July - 2 August 1992 (CS, GL, TF, PF, GDL; 1992-110, TPRF #1087). Another (believed to be a different individual) was in Austin from 18-21 August 1992 (BF, GL; 1992-112, TPRF #1098). Photographs documenting these two records were published in AB 46:1155 and AB 47:116, respectively.

Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicaria) (22). Two juveniles were in Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches on 12 October 1979 (CT, SL, DW; 1992-76). One in basic plumage was in San Antonio, Bexar from 26 May - 1 June 1983 (TH; 1992-128). At least two in basic plumage were in El Paso, El Paso on 3 October 1992 (BNe, DE; 1992-125).

Little Gull (Larus minutus) (20/16). An immature was at San Luis Pass, Brazoria/Galveston on 9 February 1986 (DD, DeR; 1992-144). A second-winter bird was photographed north of Mustang Island SP, Nueces from 12-13 January 1992 (JMu, FB, SMe, MR, PP, RL, MLi; 1992-11, TPRF #1081). One adult was at Wright Patman Lake, Bowie on 29 January 1992 (AW; 1992-38). One adult was photographed in east Fort Worth, Tarrant during its stay 6-21 March 1992 (JWS, CH; 1992-43, TPRF #1102). An adult returned to Lake Waco, McLennan on 1 December 1992 - 31 January 1993 (JMu, DB, GDL, CH, FB; 1992-152, TPRF #xxxx). At least one adult was at White Rock Lake, Dallas from 5-27 February 1993 (RA, NA, RRa, MAu; 1993-23). A first-winter bird was photographed in San Antonio, Bexar during its stay 10-11 February 1993 (WS; 1993-22, TPRF #xxxx).

California Gull (Larus californicus) (24). An adult was at East Beach on Galveston Island, Galveston on 20 January 1980 (PDH; 1992-154). One adult was photographed on North Padre Island, Kleberg/Nueces on 24 December 1991 (MC, AC; 1992-51, TPRF #1107). One second- or third-winter bird was at Port Aransas, Nueces on 25 December 1991 (MC; 1992-52). A third-winter bird was photographed in Galveston, Galveston on 17 February 1992 (AW, WL; 1992-39, TPRF #1108). A first- winter bird was photographed in San Antonio, Bexar during its stay 21-27 November 1992 (WS, GDL, JM, EM; 1992-150, TPRF #1104). One first- or second-winter bird was at Lake Waco, McLennan from 28 November 1992 - 17 January 1993 (JMu, PI; 1992-153). A first-winter bird was photographed in San Antonio from 5-9 January 1993 (WS, ML; 1993-15, TPRF #xxxx).

Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri) (19). A first-winter bird was photographed at Lake Waco, McLennan during its stay 1-10 December 1991 (JMu, FB; 1992-54, TPRF #1114). A second-winter bird was at the Brownsville City Landfill, Cameron from 5-10 February 1992 (DSi, GDL; 1992-61). A first-winter bird was at White Rock Lake, Dallas on 24 January 1993 (CH, MR; 1993-17).

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) (56/45). One first-winter bird was photographed at the Brownsville City Landfill, Cameron on 6 January 1992 (JD; 1992-28, TPRF #1072). One adult was at the Brownsville City Landfill from 7-22 February 1992 (CB, CH; 1992-57). A first-winter bird was photographed at Boca Chica, Cameron on 12 February 1992 (AW, WL; 1992-58, TPRF #1110). A first-winter bird was photographed at Quintana, Brazoria on 16 February 1992 (AW, WL; 1992-59, TPRF #1111). An adult was photographed at Beach City, Chambers on 17 February 1992 (AW, WL; 1992-60, TPRF #1109). One second-winter bird was at Braunig Lake, Bexar on 27 December 1992 (WS; 1993-6). One adult was photographed at Port Aransas, Nueces on 9 January 1993 (GDL; 1993-16, TPRF #xxxx). The Mustang Island bird, documented since 1983, returned 11 October 1992 - 11 April 1993.

Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus) (1). One third- winter bird was at the Brownsville City Landfill, Cameron from 7-22 February 1992 (DSi, CB, BM, JK, JMu, AW, BB, RA, NA, MR, WS, LA, CH, GDL; 1992-24, TPRF #1071). A photograph documenting this first record for Texas, one of only a handful of records outside Alaska, was published in AB 46:332.

Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) (51). One immature (first or second winter) was at Bolivar Flats, Galveston on 29 April 1978 (DaM, EMcH; 1992-135). Another immature was found weakened on the beach and later died at Port Aransas, Nueces on 9 May 1991 (TA, GL; 1992-21, TCWC #12927, TPRF #1077). This small-looking bird was initially thought to be an Iceland Gull until the specimen was critically examined. One first- winter bird was photographed at the Brownsville City Landfill, Cameron during its stay 28 December 1992 - 1 January 1993 (CH, PW, PI, JHa; 1993-9, TPRF #xxxx). A first-winter bird was photographed in San Antonio, Bexar during its stay 3-9 January 1993 (WS, ML; 1993-5, TPRF #xxxx).

Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (16/12). One third- or fourth-winter bird was discovered in Harrison on 30 December 1992, and it was later relocated at Lake O' The Pines, Marion where it spent 3 January - 27 March 1993 (GLu, DBr, PH, HB, JD, JL; 1993-4, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this record, the first inland record for Texas, was published in AB 47:1007.

Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) (39). Unless otherwise noted, all birds were in first-winter plumage. One was off Galveston, Galveston from 27-29 November 1981 (NJ; 1992-142). One was in Freeport, Brazoria on 21 December 1986 (DD; 1992-101). Another was in Freeport on 17 December 1989 (DD; 1990-104). One was photographed at Boca Chica, Cameron during its stay 6-12 January 1992 (JD, AM, MF, DoR; 1992-29, TPRF #1073). One was at Lake Livingston, Polk from 23-28 March 1992 (DW; 1992-65). One was in Freeport on 20 December 1992 (DD; 1993-10).

Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) (26). One juvenal plumaged bird was at Hagerman NWR, Grayson on 12 October 1990 (RC, BV; 1990-134). Another juvenal plumaged bird was photographed at Lake Waco, McLennan on 20 October 1991 (JMu; 1992-55, TPRF #1112).

Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) (9). Three were 67 miles east of Port Isabel, Cameron on 12 September 1992 (WS, MR; 1992-119, TPRF #1066). A photograph documenting one of these birds was published in AB 47:117. Two were 60 miles east of Port Aransas, Nueces on 18 September 1992 (CH, MR, CS; 1992-116, TPRF #1067).

Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) (3). One was 60+ miles east of Port Isabel, Cameron on 12 September 1992 (MR; 1992-122).

Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti) (9). One female was photographed at Cottonwood Campground, BBNP, Brewster during its stay 24 December 1991 - 5 May 1992 (WK, EV, CS, BP, MG, BO, DB, RA, NA, GM, JD, MC, AC, GL, GDL, LA, PG; 1992-12, TPRF #1075).

Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor) (6). One was photographed at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron during its stay 25 April - late July 1992 (WW, FH, RG, LG; 1992-87, TPRF #1116).

Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii) (1). One female or immature was photographed, captured, measured, feather-plucked, and released in Corpus Christi, Nueces during its stay 6-27 January 1992 (CJ, WJ, CC, GL, CS, JD, PL, SF, MC, AC, GDL, PG, FB, BRi, LA, NN, LP; 1992-10, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this first record for the United States was published in AB 46:332. Due to the complexity in Anthracothorax identification, a half dozen authorities on neotropical hummingbirds were consulted. Consultants and committee members generally concluded the bird was prevostii beyond a reasonable doubt and the record was accepted. Numerically, the addition of Green-breasted Mango to the Review List resulted in the removal of "Mango species" previously added in 1990. Consequently, no numerical difference to the total accepted species count was realized.

Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) (12). An adult male was photographed in El Paso, El Paso during its stay 1 December 1991 - 8 January 1992 (LLy, KRo, JS, BZ; 1992- 45, TPRF #1106). A photograph of this bird appeared in the January 6 edition of the El Paso Herald-Post. An immature male was photographed and tape recorded in Sinton, San Patricio during its stay 13 November 1992 - 19 February 1993 (LS, MS, CC, GS, JM, EM, RRa, MC, AC, GDL, CH, JD, GL; 1992- 132, TPRF #1101, TBSL #203-12). A photograph documenting this record was published in AB 47:320.

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae) (4). One immature male was photographed and tape recorded in El Paso, El Paso on 16-17 September 1992 (BZ; 1993-3, TPRF #xxxx, TBSL #xxx-xx).

Lewis' Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) (24). One was in GMNP, Culberson on 3 December 1991 (MC, AC; 1992-163). One was photographed near Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis during its stay 22 February - 10 May 1992 (CH, LA, PG, TF, PF, KB; 1992-48, TPRF #1091). One was photographed in Richardson, Collin during its stay 6 April - 2 May 1992 (AV, JP, MP, MR; 1992-62, TPRF #1089).

Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax) (3). A singing bird was at 7600 feet on Mt. Livermore in the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis on 20 May 1992 (JTr; 1992-94).

Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) (3). Up to six, one of which was tape recorded, were outside Harlingen, Cameron from 25 December 1991 - present (OC, BM, GL, MMa, TRH; 1992-34, TBSL #203-10).

Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) (3). One was at Packery Channel, Nueces from 23 May - 1 June 1992 (MC, AC, GS, PP, WS, CS, GL, CM; 1992-74, TPRF #1082). A photograph documenting this third record for Texas was published in AB 46:449.

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (15/12). An immature male was on the Norias Division of the King Ranch, Kenedy on 20 January 1992 (JGo; 1992-18).

Clay-colored Robin (Turdus grayi) (43/38). One was photographed at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 16-17 January 1992 (SF; 1992-47, TPRF #1095). A pair was at Anzalduas County Park, Zapata on 1 May 1992 (PL; 1992-133). One was in McAllen, Hidalgo on 1 February 1993 (SM; 1993-28).

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (15). One was in Lubbock, Lubbock on 15 December 1990 (MN, NO; 1991-108). One was in Lubbock again on 14 December 1991 (DSt; 1993-13). A female was at Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis from 8-27 March 1992 (JMu, DMu, KB; 1992-56, TPRF #1088). A photograph documenting this record was published in AB 46:448.

Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) (7). One surprisingly territorial bird was photographed and tape recorded in Austin, Travis during its stay 3 May - 5 July 1992 (BR, GL, VE, LA, BS, CS, GDL, DW, MW, CM; 1992-69, TPRF #1092, TBSL #203-10). A photograph documenting this first record for Central Texas was published in AB 46:500.

Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (9). One was at Packery Channel, Nueces on 15 April 1992 (WJ, CJ; 1992-67). One (probably different) individual was at Packery Channel on 17 May 1992 (AC; 1992-80).

Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) (6). One was in Crosby, Harris on 29 September 1992 (GDL; 1992-118).

Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) (7). One was at Dolan Falls Ranch, Val Verde on 10 January 1993 (JKa; 1993-18).

Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus) (1). One first- spring male was at 8200 feet on Mt. Livermore, Jeff Davis on 19 May 1992 (JG, KB; 1992-72, TPRF #1094). A photograph documenting this first record for Texas was published in AB 46:450. While one other record is still circulating in the committee, several reports from BBNP, primarily from the 70s, remain unsubmitted.

Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii) (10). Two to four were on the Presidio/Jeff Davis county line on 17 April 1992 (JD; 1992-96). One was photographed in San Antonio, Bexar during its brief stay 29 April - 1 May 1992 (WS; 1992-85, TPRF #1084). One was netted at Big Bend Ranch State Natural Area, Presidio on 29 October 1992 (KB; 1992-165, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this record was published in AB 47:120.

Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowsii) (22). One was in Corpus Christi, Nueces on 30 December 1972 (CBe, JSm; 1992- 107). One was at Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Colorado on 20 December 1983 (WSh; 1992-103). One was in southern Panola on 29 December 1991 (DW, MW; 1992-35). One was photographed near Monaville, Waller on 31 December 1991 (JD; 1992-30, TPRF #1074). Two were near Sam Rayburn Reservoir, Jasper on 10 November 1992 (RRa; 1992-151).

Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) (11). One immature was netted and banded at Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis on 11 November 1992 (KB; 1992-166, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this record was published in AB 47:168.

Yellow-eyed Junco (Junco phaeonotus) (4). One was at Boot Springs, BBNP, Brewster on 17 June 1980 (PB; 1993-24).

Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) (2). One male was caught in a cowbird trap at Fort Hood, Coryell on 12 June 1992 (GE, C&JJ, GL; 1992-81, *TCWC #xxxxx, TPRF #1083). A photograph documenting this second record for Texas was published in AB 46:1195. As was the case with the first Texas record of this species, this bird was caught within range of an active Black-capped Vireo colony. The bird was eventually dispatched, and the specimen was preserved.

White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) (3). One female was in Aledo, Parker from 12 December 1992 - 27 February 1993 (T&JN, CH, GDL, GL, CM; 1992-160, TPRF #xxxx). A photograph documenting this third record for Texas was published in AB 47:277.

Accepted Presumptive Species

Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) (1). One was at Anzalduas County Park, Hidalgo from 17 March - 5 April 1990 (TP, OC, JM, RG, LG, MH, PMi; 1990-83). It was unfortunate that photographs were not taken/uncovered since such evidence would have supported the first fully-documented U.S. record. As it turned out, this was a complicated record for the committee to review. Some members felt the submitted reports gave either incomplete or contradictory information, and there was a sense that not everyone was reporting the same bird (kiskadees were present). After three circulations of indecision, the committee ruled to accept the record at the 1993 annual meeting based primarily on the initial documentation.

Unaccepted Records

A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted because the bird was obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is denied acceptance because the material submitted to the TBRC was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that we stress here that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members necessarily feels the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented.

Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata). One (1992-146) at Galveston, Galveston on 15 February 1986.

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps auritus). One (1992-139) at the Texas City Dike, Galveston on 11 January 1983. One (1992- 44) at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron on 23 January 1992.

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus). One (1992-143) at Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 27 June 1981. One (1992-137) at Anahuac NWR from 1-8 May 1982. One (1991-107) on Galveston Island, Galveston on 22 August 1991. One (1991-133) in east Fort Worth, Tarrant on 28 September 1991.

West Indian Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna arborea). One (1992-124) in Austin, Travis from late May - 3 October 1992 may well have escaped from a nearby duck farm. As a result, the record was unaccepted on grounds of questionable origin.

American Black Duck (Anas rubripes). One (1992-105) at Hagerman NWR, Grayson on 20 December 1980. Two (1992-102) at Lake Balmorhea, Reeves on 15 December 1984. Sixteen (1992-33) in Cameron on 28 December 1991. Separating this species from our dark Gulf coast form of Mottled Duck is extremely difficult; it is probably the least appreciated identification problem in North America today.

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). One (1992-104) in Alice, Jim Wells on 21 December 1980.

Limpkin (Aramus guarauna). One (1991-120) old specimen was collected allegedly in Brownsville, Cameron on 23 May 1889 (*AMNH 79775). While its identification has never been disputed, the location of collection has been questioned. On the back of a suspected dealer's tag on the specimen is scrawled the annotation: "(loc. dubious)".

Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima). One (1992-126) in Austin, Travis on 19 September 1975. One (1992-4) at Freeport, Brazoria on 15 December 1991.

Broad-billed Sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus). One (1992- 95) at McAllen, Hidalgo on 3 June 1992.

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax). One (1992-155) at High Island, Galveston on 29 April 1979. One (1991-83) on Matagorda Island, Calhoun on 14 May 1991.

Little Gull (Larus minutus). One (1992-170) at Cooper Lake, Delta on 10 October 1992.

Heermann's Gull (Larus heermanni). One (1992-138) in east Harris on 24 January 1984.

California Gull (Larus californicus). One (1992-106) in Corpus Christi, Nueces on 30 December 1972.

Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri). One (1992-157) at Galveston, Galveston on 16 January 1982. Three (1992-10) at Boca Chica, Cameron on 1 January 1987.

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus). One (1991-19) at Boca Chica, Cameron on 2 October 1989. This bird was originally submitted (1989-259) as a Great Black-backed Gull (see Lasley, 1990). Photographs of this very badly worn second-summer bird were circulated three times through the committee and to outside experts. The record was finally rejected at the annual meeting as its identity remains controversial. One (1990-41) at San Luis Pass, Galveston on 12 November 1989. One (1992-88) at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron on 12 January 1990. One (1992-89) at Laguna Atascosa on 19 February 1990. Two (1992-90) at Laguna Atascosa on 24 February 1990. There was not enough material in these last four records to eliminate other dark-backed gull species.

Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti). One (1993-14) in Hidalgo on 13 January 1993.

Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma). One (1992-50) in GMNP, Culberson on 4 December 1991. Heard-only records of this species which are not tape recorded (a pocket-sized microcassette recorder is all it takes) continue to be carefully scrutinized.

Black Swift (Cypseloides niger). One (1992-136) at Crystal Beach, Galveston on 23 April 1983.

White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis). One (1991- 115) in GMNP, Culberson on 8 August 1991.

Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin). One (1992-149) in Sinton, San Patricio on 25 November 1992. One (1993-27) photographed in Salineno, Starr from January - February 1993. Since specimens of green-backed Rufous Hummingbirds apparently exist, the committee has consistently not accepted sight and even photographic records of supposed Allen's Hummingbirds when hand-held measurements of tail feathers have been lacking. Such was the case with the above two records.

Pacific-slope Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis). One (1992-63) in Brewster on 15 February 1992.

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris). One (1991-86) in Corpus Christi, Nueces on 28 April 1991. One (1992-164) at Port Aransas, Nueces on 2 October 1992. While both these records were of obvious Myiodynastes-type flycatchers, the submitted documentation did not eliminate Streaked or even Variegated Flycatcher completely: the occurrence of Streaked Flycatcher in Texas has been predicted for some time now and bears careful consideration.

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae). Two (1992-98) at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 29-31 December 1986. One (1992- 19) in northwest Upshur on 25 June 1991.

Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus). Two or more (1992- 140) in Houston, Harris from late December 1982 - 6 February 1983.

Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapillus). One (1991-127) in Dallas, Dallas on 17 September 1991. This is not a review species, but given the locale and habitat involved, its review was requested. Most committeee members concluded the description did not eliminate Solitary Vireo.

Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). One (1992-162) at La Porte, Harris on 4-5 November 1992.

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala). One (1993-20) at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 30 December 1992 - 2 January 1993.

Yellow Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysopeplus). One (1992-114) in BBNP, Brewster on 9 September 1992.

Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii). One or more (1991-109) at College Station, Brazos on 15 December 1990. One (1991-110) at Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Colorado on 19 December 1990.

Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis). Two or three (1991- 82) at Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 21 April 1991.

Literature Cited American Ornithologists Union. 1983. Checklist of North American birds, 6th ed. American Ornith. Union,

Baltimore, MD. Arnold, K. A. 1984. Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records Committee for 1984. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 17(1&2):18-

19. ------. 1985. Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records Committee for 1985. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 18(1&2):31-32. Dittmann, D. L., and G. W. Lasley. 1992. How to document rare birds. Birding 24:145-159. Haynie, C. B. 1992. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1991. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(1):2-12. ------. 1992. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1992. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(2):30-41. Lasley, G. W. 1988. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1987. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 21(1&2):25-32. ------. 1989. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1988.

Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 22(1&2):2-14. ------. 1990. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1989.

Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 23(1&2):6-19. ------. 1991. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1990.

Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 24(1):2-15. Oberholser, H. C. 1974. The bird life of Texas. The University of Texas Press, Austin.

TBRC Review List

The TBRC requests details, including descriptions and photos if possible, of all records of the following species.

Review List A. -- Rarities: These species, in general, include birds that have occurred four or fewer times per year anywhere in Texas over a ten-year average. The TBRC requests documentation for review for any new or any previously unsubmitted record of the below species no matter how long ago the record occurred. The TBRC also requests details on any record of a species not yet accepted on the Texas State List.

Red-throated Loon, Pacific Loon, Yellow-billed Loon, Red- necked Grebe, Yellow-nosed Albatross, White-chinned Petrel, Greater Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, Audubon's Shearwater, Wilson's Storm-Petrel, Leach's Storm- Petrel, Band-rumped Storm-Petrel, Red-billed Tropicbird, Blue- footed Booby, Brown Booby, Red-footed Booby, Glossy Ibis, Jabiru, Greater Flamingo, Trumpeter Swan, Brant, American Black Duck, White-cheeked Pintail, Garganey, Eurasian Wigeon, Harlequin Duck, Barrow's Goldeneye, Masked Duck, Snail Kite, Northern Goshawk, Crane Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, Paint-billed Crake, Spotted Rail, Double-striped Thick- Knee, Collared Plover, Northern Jacana, Wandering Tattler, Eskimo Curlew, Surfbird, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Purple Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Ruff, Red Phalarope, Long-tailed Jaeger, Little Gull, Common Black-headed Gull, Heermann's Gull, Mew Gull, California Gull, Thayer's Gull, Iceland Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Slaty-backed Gull, Western Gull, Glaucous Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Black-legged Kittiwake, Sabine's Gull, Elegant Tern, Bridled Tern, Brown Noddy, Black Noddy, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Mangrove Cuckoo, Snowy Owl, Northern Pygmy-Owl, Mottled Owl, Northern Saw-whet Owl, White-collared Swift, Green Violet-ear, Green-breasted Mango, Broad-billed Hummingbird, White-eared Hummingbird, Violet- crowned Hummingbird, Costa's Hummingbird, Allen's Hummingbird, Elegant Trogon, Lewis' Woodpecker, Ivory-billed Woodpecker (presumed extirpated in Texas), Greenish Elaenia, Tufted Flycatcher, Greater Pewee, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Sulphur- bellied Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Thick-billed Kingbird, Gray Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Rose-throated Becard, Masked Tityra, Gray-breasted Martin, Clark's Nutcracker, Black-billed Magpie, American Dipper, Clay-colored Robin, White-throated Robin, Rufous-backed Robin, Varied Thrush, Aztec Thrush, Black Catbird, Bohemian Waxwing, Gray Silky- flycatcher, Yellow-green Vireo, Black-whiskered Vireo, Yucatan Vireo, Connecticut Warbler, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat, Red- faced Warbler, Golden-crowned Warbler, Rufous-capped Warbler, Olive Warbler, Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Blue Bunting, Yellow-faced Grassquit, Baird's Sparrow, Henslow's Sparrow, Golden-crowned Sparrow, Yellow-eyed Junco, Snow Bunting, Shiny Cowbird, Black-vented Oriole, Pine Grosbeak, White-winged Crossbill, Common Redpoll, Lawrence's Goldfinch.

Review List B. -- Species under special study by sub- committee of TBRC concerning their distribution and status in Texas: Records of these species will not be formally reviewed by the TBRC (except for winter Swainson's Hawk and Semipalmated Sandpiper records which will be reviewed), but documentation is requested to assist in these studies.

Clark's Grebe, Cory's Shearwater, Muscovy Duck, Common Black-Hawk, Swainson's Hawk (December-January), Aplomado Falcon (reintroduction program in progress), Semipalmated Sandpiper (December-January), Pomarine Jaeger, Parasitic Jaeger, Spotted Owl, Williamson's Sapsucker, Northern Shrike.

Presumptive Species List. -- The following is the official TBRC list of species for which written descriptions of sight records have been accepted by the TBRC but the species has not yet met the requirements for full acceptance on the Texas List (specimen, photo, or tape recording for at least one record).

White-crowned Pigeon, Berylline Hummingbird, Social Flycatcher, Slate-throated Redstart.