2017 Annual Report



4710 Canyonwood Drive, Austin, Texas 78735

The Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society requests and reviews documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see TBRC web page at http://www.texasbirdrecordscommittee.org). Annual reports of the committee’s activities have appeared in the Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society since 1984. For more information about the Texas Ornithological Society or the TBRC, please visit www.texasbirds.org. The committee reached a final decision on 100 records during 2017: 89 records of 39 species were accepted and 11 records of 10 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 89.0% for this report. The committee also added 2 species to the Supplemental List. In addition, 1 record wasn’t circulated due to taxonomy change (lumped with a non-review species) and 1 additional record was withdrawn by the observers. A total of 159 observers submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 2017.

The TBRC accepted 3 first state records in 2017: White-tailed Tropicbird, Amethyst-throated Hummingbird, and Variegated Flycatcher. Thayer’s Gull and Iceland Gull were lumped into Iceland Gull so Thayer’s Gull was removed from the Texas State List. These 3 additions and the 1 removal bring the official Texas State List to 647 species in good standing. This total does not include the 5 species on the Presumptive Species List, nor the 2 species on the Supplemental List.

In addition to the review of previously undocumented species, any committee member may request that a record of any species be reviewed. The committee requests written descriptions as well as photographs, video, and audio recordings if available. Information concerning a Review List species may be submitted to the committee secretary, Eric Carpenter, 4710 Canyonwood Drive, Austin, Texas 78735 (email: ecarpe@gmail.com). Guidelines for preparing rare bird documentation can be found in Dittmann and Lasley (1992) or at http://www.greglasley.net/document.html.

The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following the AOS Check-list of North American Birds (AOU 1998) through the 58th supplement (Chesser et al. 2017). A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 2017. Species added to the Review List because of population declines or dwindling occurrence in recent years do not have the total number of accepted records denoted as there are many documented records that were not subjected to review (e.g. Brown Jay, Pinyon Jay, Tamaulipas Crow, and Evening Grosbeak). All observers who submitted written documentation or photographs/recordings of accepted records are acknowledged by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverer(s) submitted supporting documentation. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. If photographs or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. If an audio recording of the bird is on file with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam Houston State University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk () followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases this information has been supplemented with a full range of dates the bird was present if that information was made available to the TBRC. All locations in italics are counties. Please note that the county designations of offshore records are used only as a reference to the nearest point of land.

TBRC Membership -- Members of the TBRC during 2017 who participated in decisions listed in this report were: Randy Pinkston, Chair; Keith Arnold, Academician; Eric Carpenter, (non-voting) Secretary; Greg Cook, Petra Hockey, Mark Lockwood, Dan Jones, Stephan Lorenz, Tony Frank, Chris Runk.

Contributors – Lee Adams, Tony Amos, Kenny Anderson, Keith Arnold (KAr), Noreen Baker, Bill Beaty, Grant Beauprez, Lea Beckworth, Bob Behrstock (BoB), Chris Benesh, William Benton, Kaylyn Billman, Justin Bosler, Diane Brown, Laura Brown (LBr), Robert Brown, Kelly Bryan (KBr), Frank Bumgardner, Mike Cameron, Kris Cannon, Eric Carpenter, Cameron Carver, Kendra Chock (KCh), Kevin Cochran (KCo), Scarlet Colley, Fred Collins, Greg Cook, Dennis Cooke, Mel Cooksey (MCo), Mary Curry (MCu), Maurice DeMille (MDm), Chris Deadman-Winston (CDW), Raul Delgado, Mark Dettling, Cindie Dillard, Sandy Dillard, Wyatt Egelhoff, Mark Esparza, Eric Faria, Tim Fennell, Terry Ferguson (TFe), Thomas Finnie (TFi), Joe Fischer, Mark Flippo, Harry Forbes, Phyllis Frank, Tony Frank (TFr), Bob Friedrichs, Maureen Gieger, Don Glasco, Donald Goodliffe (DGo), Rod Goodwin, Mark Gray (MGr), Rick Greenspun (RGr), Dave Grise (DGr), John Groves, Christian Hagenlocher, Debra Halter, David Hanson (DaH), Jan Hanson, Jimmy Hayes (JHa), Sue Heath, Mitch Heindel, Phillip Henderson, Doug Hiser (DoH), Petra Hockey (PHo), Joseph Hood (JHo), Jill Huebner (JHu), Don Jeane, Dan Jones (DJo), Teresa Keck, Laura Keene, John Kiseda, Jo Knopf (JKn), Rich Kostecke, Brian Kulvete, Michael Kuzio, Mark Lanham, Greg Lasley, Rick Laughlin, Justin LeClaire (JuL), Jason Leifester, Chuck Leonard, Annika Lindqvist, Michael Lindsey (MLi), Mark Lockwood (MLo), Chuck Lorenz (CLo), Eric Lutomski, Michael Marsden, Steve Mayes, Jan McClintock, Jon McIntyre (JoM), Brad McKinney, Arman Moreno, Gretchen Nareff, Bruce Neville, Diane Nunley, John O'Brien (JOb), Carolyn Ohl-Johnson (COJ), Andrew Orgill, Brent Ortego, Peter Osenton, Jane Owens, Jay Packer, John Park (JoP), Jim Paton (JiP), Kris Peterson, Barrett Pierce, Randy Pinkston, Dave Pope, Trey Redding, Martin Reid, Colton Robbins, Ross Rogers, John Rosford, Lance Runion, Chris Runk (CRu), Isaac Sanchez, David Sarkozi, Kim Savides, Mark Scheuerman, Willie Sekula, Chuck Sexton, Jeff Sexton, Dennis Shepler (DSh), Bruce Sherman, David Sikes (DSi), Letha Slagle, Christopher Smith (CSm), Gregory Smith, Laura Smith (LSm), Pete Sole, Cindy Sperry (CSp), Rex Stanford, David Stekoll (DaS), Denise Stephens (DeS), Harlen Stewart, Byron Stone (BSt), MaryBeth Stowe (MBS), Michelle Summers (MSu), Paul Sunby (PSu), Romey Swanson (RSw), Sandi Templeton, Carol Thompson, Barbara Tompkins, J Tribute, Gustavo Valero, Dylan Vasapolli, Tim Vasquez, Christian Walker, Dan Walker, Mathis Weatherall, Nicholas Webster, John Whittle, Shirley Wilkerson, Kimberly Williams, Adam Wood, John Yochum, Mike Zarella.

Acknowledgments -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. The committee would also like to thank Jon Dunn, Kimball Garrett and Andrew Spencer for providing the TBRC with expert opinion concerning records reviewed during 2017. The author thanks Jim Peterson and TBRC members for reviewing previous drafts of this report.

Additional Abbreviations – A.O.S. = American Ornithologists’ Society; A.O.U. = American Ornithologists' Union; N.P. = National Park; N.S. = National Seashore; N.W.R. = National Wildlife Refuge; S.H.S. = State Historic Site; S.N.A. = State Natural Area; S.P. = State Park; TBSL = Texas Bird Sounds Library (Sam Houston State University); TCWC = Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection (Texas A&M University); W.M.A. = Wildlife Management Area.


Brant (Branta bernicla) (34). One south of Farwell, Parmer from 24 - 25 December 2016 (GB, JL; 2016-86; TPRF 3377).

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) (13). One 10 miles north of Bowie, Montague on 20 December 2016 (PH; 2016-88; TPRF 3378).

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) (55). One at Osprey Overlook, Laguna Atascosa N.W.R., Cameron from 31 October - 29 November 2016 (DV, ME, RP, JKn; 2016-77; TPRF 3379).

American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) (9). One southeast of Dayton, Liberty on 20 December 1976 (DC; 2016-46; TPRF 3380). One at White Rock Lake, Dallas from 2 - 21 March 2017 (CRu, EC, DJo, RP, PHo; 2017-10; TPRF 3381).

Mexican Violetear (Colibri thalassinus) (84). One at Utopia, Uvalde from 19 May - 10 June 2016 (CSp, LSm, MH, KB; 2016-35; TPRF 3384). One at Rio Medina, Medina from 5 - 27 July 2016 (JM; 2016-44; TPRF 3382). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis from 26 July - 31 August 2016 (KBr, MD, MLo, MGr; 2016-49; TPRF 3383).

Amethyst-throated Hummingbird (Lampornis amethystinus) (1). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis from 14 - 15 October 2016 (KBr, COJ; 2016-73; TPRF 3385).

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae) (39). One at El Paso, El Paso from 4 December 2016 - 14 January 2017 (JK, JG; 2016-82; TPRF 3386).

White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis) (40). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis from 29 May - 9 August 2016 (KBr; 2016-75; TPRF 3387). One at Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis from 11 August - 11 September 2016 (CRu, DJo, RK; 2016-58; TPRF 3388).

Common Crane (Grus grus) (2). Up to three at Mound Lake and surrounding areas, Terry from 7 February - 8 March 2016 (JB, MLo, TFr, LK, CH; 2016-13; TPRF 3389).

Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa) (41). One nw. of Palmview, Hidalgo on 26 March 1981 (PO; 2016-53; TPRF 3390). One at Calliham Unit, Choke Canyon S.P., McMullen from 25 October - 6 December 2015 (MR, KP, PSu; 2016-52; TPRF 3392). One at Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo from 12 October - 2 November 2016 (BK, DG, MDm, DJo; 2016-74; TPRF 3391).

Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) (47). One at White Rock Lake, Dallas from 26 - 31 August 2015 (CRu, AL, MC; 2016-67; TPRF 3394). One ~43 miles south-southeast of Matagorda Island, Calhoun on 20 November 2016 (BM, AO; 2016-81; TPRF 3393).

Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) (104). One at Padre Island N.S., Kleberg on 15 January 2017 (RL, JoM; 2017-05; TPRF 3395).

Mew Gull (Larus canus) (40). One at El Paso, El Paso from 1 - 16 January 2017 (JiP, WE; 2017-11; TPRF 3396).

Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (59). One at Bolivar Flats, Galveston from 7 - 17 October 2016 (LS, BSt, DSh; 2016-70; TPRF 3398). One at JFK Causeway/Laguna Madre, Nueces from 21 - 22 December 2016 (MCo, DGr; 2017-01; TPRF 3397).

White-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus) (1). One at Padre Island N.S., Kleberg on 3 July 2010 (TA; 2016-05; TPRF 3399).

Black-capped Petrel (Pterodroma hasitata) (3). At least one ~114 miles south-southeast of Freeport, Brazoria on 5 November 2016 (JoM; 2016-79; TPRF 3400).

Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea) (20). One at Mustang Island, Nueces on 10 July 2016 (AO; 2016-47; TPRF 3401).

Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis) (23). One at Port Aransas, Nueces on 18 December 2012 (KAr; 2016-51; TPRF 3403; TCWC#23867). One ~48 miles southeast of Port Aransas, Nueces on 25 August 2016 (DP; 2016-55; TPRF 3402).

Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) (35). One at San Antonio Bay, Aransas on 26 June 2014 (JT; 2016-45; TPRF 3404; TCWC#22794). One offshore from South Padre Island, Cameron on 4 June 2016 (PHo, JOb; 2016-42). One ~85 miles southeast of Matagorda Island, Calhoun on 23 July 2016 (RP, JOb; 2016-50; TPRF 3405).

Jabiru (Jabiru mycteria) (13). One south of Placedo, Victoria/Calhoun from 20 - 25 August 2016 (JHa, DW, DN, BS, PHo, EC; 2016-54; TPRF 3406). One near Anahuac N.W.R., Chambers from 1 - 3 August 2017 (DaH, JH, DS, TFr, JB; 2017-34; TPRF 3407).

Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii) (2). One at Big Shell Beach, Padre Island NS, Kenedy on 28 December 1986 (NB; 2016-17).

Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) (87). One at Port Isabel, Cameron from 4 - 5 November 2014 (PS, LA; 2017-79; TPRF 3417). One at upper Trinity Bay, Chambers on 4 December 2014 (EF; 2017-78; TPRF 3408). One at Corpus Christi Bay, Nueces from 10 - 29 March 2015 (KS, TK; 2017-82; TPRF 3409). One at Port Aransas jetty, Nueces on 11 April 2016 (AO; 2017-77; TPRF 3410). One at Brownsville Ship Channel, Cameron on 18 April 2016 (SC; 2016-39; TPRF 3415). One at north Dallas, Dallas on 25 May 2016 (EL; 2016-40; TPRF 3418). Nine at Corpus Christi Bay near Ingleside, Nueces on 27 June 2016 (RB; 2016-43; TPRF 3411). One to two at Benbrook Lake, Tarrant from 26 - 31 July 2016 (BT, DeS; 2017-76; TPRF 3430). One offshore from South Padre Island, Cameron on 27 August 2016 (EC, RP, AM; 2016-56; TPRF 3413). One at Port of Houston, Harris on 3 September 2016 (LS; 2016-66; TPRF 3412). One 30 miles southeast from Freeport, Brazoria on 5 September 2016 (MW; 2016-65; TPRF 3425). Up to 11 at Matagorda Bay, Calhoun/Matagorda from 27 September - 4 December 2016 (PHo, BF; 2016-63; TPRF 3432). One ~154 miles southeast of Freeport, Brazoria on 30 September 2016 (JoM; 2016-80; TPRF 3416). One at Lake Bridgeport, Wise from 9 October - 4 December 2016 (MCu, MSu, JP, DH; 2016-68; TPRF 3431). One at Corpus Christi Bay, Nueces on 10 October 2016 (DSi; 2016-69; TPRF 3414). One to eight at Pleasure Island, Jefferson from 21 December 2016 - 12 January 2017 (TFr, TFi, SM, ST; 2016-87; TPRF 3433). Ten at Corpus Christi Bay, Nueces on 17 March 2017 (KCo; 2017-68; TPRF 3419). One at Red Lake, Freestone on 3 May 2017 (JO; 2017-75; TPRF 3420). One at Stanmire Lake, Leon from 5 - 10 May 2017 (CSm, SD, CD; 2017-69; TPRF 3426). One at JFK Causeway, Nueces on 5 May 2017 (GN; 2017-18). Up to three at Baytown Nature Center, Harris from 2 - 4 June 2017 (MK, LS, KW; 2017-74; TPRF 3421). One at Lake Bob Sandlin, Camp on 11 June 2017 (RR; 2017-70; TPRF 3427). One to two at Port O'Connor, Calhoun from 15 June - 9 July 2017 (PHo; 2017-27; TPRF 3422). One at South Padre Island, Cameron on 27 June 2017 (JuL; 2017-73; TPRF 3428). One at Lake Mineral Wells, Parker on 9 July 2017 (LB; 2017-72; TPRF 3423). Two 35 miles offshore from Port Aransas, Nueces on 10 July 2017 (TR; 2017-71; TPRF 3424). One below Lake Livingston Dam, Polk on 10 July 2017 (DoH; 2017-31; TPRF 3429).

Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) (53). One at Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis on 4 June 2016 (RK; 2016-34; TPRF 3436). One at Utopia, Uvalde on 29 September 2016 (MH; 2016-61; TPRF 3434). One at Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo on 29 September 2016 (MM, RGr; 2016-62; TPRF 3435). One to two at Lost Maples S.N.A., Bandera from 3 - 5 April 2017 (MH, DaS; 2017-14; TPRF 3437). One at Concan, Uvalde on 16 April 2017 (BoB; 2017-26). One at Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis on 24 May 2017 (RK, EC; 2017-22; TPRF 3439). One at The Bowl, Guadalupe Mountains N.P., Culberson on 6 June 2017 (EC,KA; 2017-24; TPRF 3438).

Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (32). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 30 September 2016 (KBr; 2016-64; TPRF 3440). One to two west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis from 28 April - 24 May 2017 (KBr, DS; 2017-15; TPRF 3441).

Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona) (3). One at Zacate Creek, Laredo, Webb from 30 October 2016 - 20 January 2017 (RD, EC, GV, RP, BP, NW, LR; 2016-76; TPRF 3442).

Tufted Flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus) (5). One at Pinnacle Pass, Big Bend N.P., Chisos Mountains, Brewster on 7 May 2017 (MF, LBr; 2017-20; TPRF 3443).

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris) (30). One at Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo from 29 May - 15 June 2016 (GC,ME, JY, EC; 2016-32; TPRF 3446). One at Lafitte's Cove, west Galveston Island, Galveston on 10 September 2016 (CDW; 2016-59; TPRF 3444). One at National Butterfly Center, Mission, Hidalgo on 6 May 2017 (JR; 2017-19; TPRF 3445).

Variegated Flycatcher (Empidonomus varius) (1). One at South Padre Island, Cameron from 28 September - 2 October 2016 (BB, BM, DJo, ME, RS, EC, CLo, WS, RP, TFr, PF, MCo, PHo, BP, FB, SH, GV, JHo; 2016-60; TPRF 3447).

Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) (13). One at Xeriscape Park, Quintana, Brazoria on 30 April 2017 (SH, JF; 2017-28; TPRF 3448).

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (57). One at Spring Creek Park, Lake Nasworthy, San Angelo, Tom Green from 20 - 22 October 2016 (TV; 2016-71; TPRF 3450). One at Estero Llano Grande S.P., Hidalgo from 9 January - 15 March 2017 (MBS, ME, CB; 2017-04; TPRF 3449).

Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (40). One at Lafitte's Cove, west Galveston Island, Galveston from 22 April - 13 May 2017 (SH, DC, WB; 2017-16; TPRF 3451). Two at Sabine Woods, Jefferson from 4 - 5 May 2017 (MS, KC, FC, KCh; 2017-21; TPRF 3452).

Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia) (5). One ~18 miles north-northeast of Pampa, Roberts on 10 April 2017 (RG; 2017-13; TPRF 3453).

White-throated Thrush (Turdus assimilis) (19). One near Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo from 17 - 20 February 2016 (DGo, BP, CR; 2016-18; TPRF 3454).

Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (23). One at Crescent Bend Nature Park, Schertz, Bexar on 20 December 2016 (DB; 2016-84; TPRF 3455).

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (47). One at Midland, Midland on 20 December 2016 (GS; 2017-03). One west-northwest of Canyon, Randall from 17 - 18 June 2017 (ML; 2017-29; TPRF 3456).

Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) (34). One to two at Dolan Falls Preserve, Val Verde from 2 May - 24 October 2017 (RSw, RK; 2017-17; TPRF 3457).

Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) (24). One at Lions/Shelly Park, Refugio, Refugio from 24 January - 24 February 2017 (RP, BO, EC; 2017-08; TPRF 3458).

Crimson-collared Grosbeak (Rhodothraupis celaeno) (41). One at Sheepshead lot, South Padre Island, Cameron from 3 September - 27 October 2016 (GV, LS, PHo, ME, BM, DJo; 2016-57; TPRF 3459).

Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina) (50). One at Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo on 26 December 2016 (DJo; 2016-85).


The TBRC maintains a Supplemental List of those species that are not on the State List but for which there is at least one record determined to be “unaccepted, natural occurrence questionable” and with respect to that record, for which a majority of members believe there is enough potential for natural occurrence for inclusion on the Supplemental List. If a record of a species not on the State List is not accepted on the grounds of questionable natural occurrence, but all members agree that the bird’s identity was established, then any member may move to add the species to the Supplemental List. The species will then be added to the Supplemental List with a majority vote, either at a meeting or through other voting means. The following species were added to the Supplemental List during 2017.

Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus). One at Sabine Woods, Jefferson from 18 April - 28 July 2012 (DJ, TFe, SM, JW, JoP, MS, MLi, TFi, EC, RP, IS, BP, MR, BN, BSt, AW, HS, SW; 2012-36).

Striped Sparrow (Oriturus superciliosus). One east of Granger Lake, Williamson from 11 January - 7 April 2015 (RK, TF, CW, CT, HF, RP, AW, BN, BSt, FB, CL; 2015-04).


A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted due to a bird being obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is not accepted because the material submitted was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members feel the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented.

Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica). One at Hornsby Bend, Travis on 17 November 1979 (2017-09).

Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus). One at Rockport Harbor, Aransas on 23 April 2016 (2016-31).

Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster). One east of Johnson City, Blanco on 24 June 2017 (2017-30).

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). One at Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis on 16 March 2016 (2016-25).

Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma). One at Bear Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains N.P., Culberson on 3 October 2016 (2016-72).

Buff-breasted Flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons). Two at Tobe Canyon, Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis on 16 July 2017 (2017-32).

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae). One at Paradise Pond, Port Aransas, Nueces on 1 April 2008 (2016-24).

Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus). One at Palo Duro Canyon, Randall on 26 November 2014 (2015-81). One at McKittrick Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains N.P., Culberson on 23 November 2016 (2016-89).

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius). One at Pace Bend Park, Travis on 26 January 2017 (2017-07).

Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens). One near Barksdale, Real on 9 June 2016 (2016-38).


Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides). One at Bolivar Flats, Galveston on 11 April 2017 (2017-12). This record was not circulated as Iceland Gull was lumped with Thayer’s Gull by the AOS in 2017. Thayer’s Gull is now considered a subspecies of Iceland Gull and the non-Thayer’s Iceland Gull records in Texas to this point have all been considered “Kumlien’s” Iceland Gull. “Kumlien’s” is widely regarded to be an intergrade between Thayer’s and the nominate subspecies.

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae). One at El Paso, El Paso on 26 October 2017 (2017-44). Record withdrawn by observer.


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CHESSER, R. TERRY, K. J. BURNS, C. CICERO, J. L. DUNN, A. W. KRATTER, I. J. LOVETTE, P. C. RASMUSSEN, J. V. REMSEN, Jr., J. D. RISING, D. F. STOLTZ, AND K. WINKLER, 2017. Fifty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Society Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 134:751-773.

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