2002 Annual Report



Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, P.O. Box 1807, Fort Davis, Texas 79734

The Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society requests and reviews documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see Lockwood 2000 or TBRC web page at http://texasbirds.org/tbrc/). Annual reports of the committee's activities have appeared in the Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society since 1984. For more information about the Texas Ornithological Society or the TBRC, please visit www.texasbirds.org. The committee reached a final decision on 150 records during 2002: 116 records of 59 species were accepted and 34 records of 24 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 77.3% for this report. There were 171 observers who submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 2002.

In 2002 the TBRC accepted the first state record of Spotted Redshank and the Black-crested Titmouse was elevated to species status by the A.O.U. Committee on Classification and Nomenclature (Banks et al. 2002) bringing the official Texas State List to 622 species in good standing. This total does not include the five species listed on the Presumptive Species List.

In addition to the review of previously undocumented species, any committee member may request that a record of any species be reviewed. The numbers of accepted records are also listed for Red-throated Loon and Lewis's Woodpecker, which were recently removed from the Review List. The committee requests written descriptions as well as photographs, video, and audio recordings if available. Information concerning a Review List species may be submitted to the committee secretary, Mark Lockwood, 402 Harriet, Alpine, Texas 79830 (email: mark.lockwood@tpwd.state.tx.us). Guidelines for preparing rare bird documentation can be found in Dittmann and Lasley (1992). This paper can also be viewed athttp://www.greglasley.net/document.html.

The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following the AOU Check-list of North American Birds (AOU 1998) through the 43rd supplement (Banks et al. 2002). A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 2002. All observers who submitted written documentation or photographs of accepted records are acknowledged by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverers submitted supporting documentation. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. If photographs or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. If an audio recording of the bird is on file with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam Houston State University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases this information has been supplemented with a full range of dates the bird was present if that information was made available to the TBRC later. All locations in italics are counties.

TBRC Membership -- Members of the TBRC during 2002 who participated in decisions listed in this report were: John Arvin, Chair, Keith Arnold, Academician, Mark Lockwood, Secretary, Kelly Bryan, Mel Cooksey, Brush Freeman, Petra Hockey, Terry Maxwell, and Barry Zimmer. During 2002, Maxwell's and Zimmer's second terms ended, Jim Paton and Randy Pinkston were elected, and the Academician, Chair, and Secretary were re-elected.

Contributors -- AF - Anthony Floyd, AH - Audrey Harvey, AM - Albert Mickey, AV - Al Valentine, AWi - Ann WIlliams, AWo - Alan Wormington,B&JR - Barbara & John Ribble, B&MC - Bruce & Mary Collins, BAb - Bob Abrams, BBa - Boyd Bauer, BCl - Bill Clark, BFr - Brush Freeman,BG - Brian Gibbons, BiB - Bill Baker, BMc - Brad McKinney, BP - Barrett Pierce, BT - Barbara Tompkins, BZ - Barry Zimmer, CB - Charles Brower, CCo - Cameron Cox, CCu - Carol Cullar, CE - Charles Easley, CMe - Chris Merkord, CMi - Craig Miller, CN - Cristian Nunes, COK - Carolyn Ohl-Kolb, CRo - Cindy Rodrigues, CRu - Chris Runk, CTL - Cin-Ty Lee, D&LE - Dodge & Lorna Engleman, D&NL - David & Nancy Ludlow, D&NP - Davis & Nancy Pearson, DBi - David Bieri, DBl - David Blankenship, DBr - David Bradford, DBra - David Braun, DDC - D. D. Currie, DE - Dodge Engleman, DH - Derek Hill, DJa - Don Jackson, DJo - Dan Jones, DMc - David McAdoo, DP - Daniel Peak, EB - Elizabeth Bond, EC - Eric Carpenter, EG - Ed Greaves, F&JD - Fred & Judy Donaldson, FA - Frank B. Armstrong, FB - Frank Bumgardner, FL - Fredrick Loetscher, G&PHi - Gene & Pauline Hill, GBe - Giff Beaton, GBi - Gavin Bieber, GL - Greg Lasley, GLa - Gale Lawrence, GM - Guy McCaskie,GMc - Gail McAdoo, GN - Gordon Nunn, GO - Glenn Ory, GP - Glenn Perrigo, GS - Glenn Swartz, J&KR - James & Krista Roche, J&PC - Jim & Pat Culbertson, JA - John Arvin, JC - Carl Jaslonitz, JCr - Julie Crouch, JDo - Jesse Doherty, JDu - Jon Dunn, JFa - Jesse Fagan, JFl - Jim Flynn,JHa - Jim Hailey, JHi - Jim Hinson, JI - John Ingram, JL - Jason Leifester, JLR - Jo Lynne Redden, JMu - John Muldrow, JO - John O'Brien, JPa - Jim Paton, JPac - Jay Packer, JPr - Jeff Price, JSi - Joel Simon, JSt - Jim Stevenson, JW - Janice Wobbenhorst, JWS - J. W. Sifford, K&BB - Kay & Brad Baughman, KBr - Kelly Bryan, KE - Kim Ekert, KeH - Karen Havlena, KG - Kathleen Gaudet, KHa - Kenneth Hartman, KN - Kenneth Nanney, KS - Ken Seyffert, LBi - Lynn Bieber-Weir, LBl - Lorie Black, LD - Lawrence Duhon, LH - Linda Hedges, M&ME - Marc & Maryann Eastman, MAd - Mark Adams, MAu - Mike Austin, MC - Mel Cooksey, MCon - Mark Conway, MD - Michael Duffy, ME - Mark Elwonger, MF - Mark Flippo, MG - Michael Gray, MH - Matt Hafner, MI - Marshall Iliff, MKl - Mark Klym, MKr - Mike Kryzwonski, ML - Mark Lockwood,MM - Mike Mathews, MMo - Mike Moore, MO - Mike Overton, MR - Martin Reid, MV - Matt Victoria, MWh - Matt White, N&VR - Nancy & Van Robinson, NBa - Noreen Baker, NBl - Nick Block, PC - Pat Culbertson, PG - Peter Ginsburg, PH - Petra Hockey, PR - Philip Rostron, PS - Paul Sunby, PT - Phil Taylor, RBi - Ray Bieber, RDa - Rich Damron, RDo - Robert Doster, RGi - Richard Gibbons, RHa - Ron Haaseth, RHo - Richard Hoyer, RK - Rich Kostecke, RN - Robert Norris, RO - Robert Ohmart, RPa - Richard Payne, RPi - Randy Pinkston, RRa - Ross Rasmussen, RRe - Roy Reinarzvr, RRo - Roy Rodriguez, RRu - Robert Russell, RSi - Richard Sims, RWa - Ro Wauer, RWe - Ron Weeks, S&GC- Scarlet & George Colley, SB - Steve Bentsen, SBa - Sue Bayley, SCh - Sandra Chandler, SD - Scott Downes, SF - Sam Fried, SGa - Sid Gauthreaux, SGr - Steven Gross, SH - Scott Haywood, SK - Sandesh Kadur, SLa - Sterling Lacy, SLe - Seymour Levy, SM - Sue Morris, SS - Sean Smith, SY - Scott Young, TFe - Tim Fennell, TFr - Tony Frank, TJ - Tom Johnson, TK - Tim Kasper, TL - Tom Lanschied, TPa - Tom Painting, TPe- Tommy Pedersen, TPi - Tom Pincelli, TV - Tom Vandenberg, TVZ - Tom Van Zandt, WL - William Lybarger, WMc - Wayne McAlister, WP - Warren Pulich, WR - Will Risser.

Acknowledgments -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. The committee would also like to thank Giff Beaton, Chris Bradshaw, John Gee, Orlando H. Garrido, Bruce Hallett, Alvaro Jaramillo, Ned Johnson, Guy Kirwin, Steve Mlodinow, C. John Ralph, Van Remsen, P. William Smith, and Tony White for providing the TBRC with expert opinion concerning records reviewed during 2002. The author thanks Petra Hockey and Brush Freeman for reviewing previous drafts of this report.

Additional Abbreviations -- AOU = American Ornithologists' Union; CCMS = Corpus Christi Museum of Science; NP = National Park; NWR = National Wildlife Refuge; SHS = State Historic Site; SNA = State Natural Area; SP = State Park; TCWC = Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection (Texas A&M University); WMA = Wildlife Management Area.


Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) (47). One at Cooper Lake, Hopkins, from 15 November-9 December 1998 (MWh; 1999-4). One at Lake Tawakoni, Rains, on 3 February 2001 (MI, BG; 2001-46). One at Lubbock, Lubbock, on 2 April 2001 (AF; 2001-64). Red-throated Loon was removed from the Review List on 17 August 2002.

Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) (5). One at South Padre Island, Cameron, on 22 December 2000 and from 25 February-26 May 2001 (S&GC, JA, SB; 2001-39; TPRF 1967). This appears to be the southernmost record for this species in the New World.

Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) (21). One off Port Isabel, Cameron, on 18 July 2001 (BMc; 2001-138).

Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) (6). One off Port Isabel, Cameron, on 18 July 2001 (PH; 2001-107).

Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) (19). One at Port Isabel, Cameron, on 30 May 1974 (WP; 2001-100). One near a petroleum platform off North Padre Island, Kenedy, on 18 October 2000 (AWo; 2001-35). One at South Padre Island, Cameron, on 13 September 2002 (MC, MAu, PH, EC, TFr, SS; 2002-102; TPRF 2047).

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) (4). One at Matagorda Island, Calhoun, on 28 April 2001 (WMc, DJa; 2001-92; TPRF 2024).

Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) (32). A male at Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR, Hidalgo, on 3 February 2001 (DBl; 2001-43). A male at Fort Worth, Tarrant, from 15-19 December 2001 (DDC, MR, JWS; 2002-3; TPRF 1979).

Garganey (Anas querquedula) (4). A male at the King Ranch, Kleberg, from 4-7 April 2001 (TL, GP; 2001-88; TPRF 1968).

Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) (6). A female at Village Creek Drying Beds, Tarrant, from 11-12 December 1998 (MR; 1999-01; TPRF 1980).

Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominica) (62). Up to eight at Brownsville, Cameron, from 4-6 September 1937 (FL; 2001-136; Loetscher 1956). One at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron, from 7-14 June 2001 (RGi, TPi; 2001-106). Up to two at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron, from 4 May-22 June 2002 (F&JD, RHo, PH, SB, CTL; 2002-71; TPRF 2048).

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) (15). One at Hueco Tanks SHS, El Paso, on 21 February 2001 (BZ; 2001-102).

Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris) (4). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 11-15 December 2000 (J&PC; 2001-06; TPRF 1969).

Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) (13). One adult at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, from 31 May-10 August 2002 (MAu, ML, PS, LD, RHo, DBr, BCl, RPi; 2002-68; TPRF 2049).

Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa) (29). One at Brownsville, Cameron, on 4 September 1937 (FL; 2001-137; Loetscher 1956).

Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) (1). One adult molting from alternate to basic plumage at Hornsby Bend Wastewater Treatment Plant, Travis, on 28, 29, or 30 September 2000 (JI; 2001-129; TPRF 1983). This represents the first record for Texas and one of the few from interior North America.

White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis). One at Fort Worth, Tarrant, on 11 October 2000 (MR; 2001-24). White-rumped Sandpiper is not aReview Species, but a TBRC member requested that it be reviewed.

Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) (14). One at Fulton, Aransas, from 2-28 April 2002 (CN, MH, MO, BFr, PH, BBa, JPac, Gbe, JPac; 2002-54; TPRF 1977).

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) (24). One at Brazoria NWR, Brazoria, from 4-7 April 2001 (RWe, JL; 2001-91; TPRF 1984).

Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) (28). An alternate plumaged female at South Padre Island, Cameron, on 20 May 2002 (SM; 2002-62; TPRF 1971).

Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus) (17). One near a petroleum platform off North Padre Island, Kenedy, on 3 November 2000 (AWo; 2001-37). One at Lake Benbrook, Tarrant, from 31 October-5 November 2001 (MR, JWS, CE, EC, BFr, CRu, FB, TK; 2001-133; TPRF 1985).

Little Gull (Larus minutus) (36). One at Lake Worth, Tarrant, from 18-19 November 2001 (JMc, MR; 2002-2).

Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) (21). One at Possum Kingdom Lake, Palo Pinto, on 23 December 2000 (KN; 2001-113).

Mew Gull (Larus canus) (22). One at Imperial Reservoir, Pecos, on 19 November 2000 (MAd, BG; 2000-131). One at Lake Worth, Tarrant, on 3 December 2000 (MR; 2001-26). One at El Paso, El Paso, on 13 January 2001 (JPa; 2001-12). One at Galveston, Galveston, on 23 January 2001 (MAu; 2001-19).

Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri) (50). One at Galveston, Galveston, on 30 January 2001 (MAu; 2001-23). One in Dallas, Dallas, from 4-7 February 2001 (RRa, MR, BG; 2001-32; TPRF 1986).

Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (32). One at Corpus Christi, Nueces, from 3-12 March 2001 (WS, B&JR; 2001-53; TPRF 1987).

Elegant Tern (Sterna elegans) (3). Two at Galveston, Galveston, from 4-18 November 2001 (EC, BFr, PH, JLR, CE, MAu, JFa, SGr, RPi; 2001-134; TPRF 1988).

Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti) (12). A female at El Paso, El Paso, on 3 April 2001 (JPa; 2001-69; TPRF 1989).

Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) (37). One at Wimberley, Hays, from 18-26 May 2001 (CRo; 2001-95). One at Packery Channel, Corpus Christi, Nueces, from 2-3 April 2002 (BZ, MI, MC; 2002-48; TPRF 1972).

Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii) (10). A male at McAllen, Hidalgo, from 1-8 February 2001 (LBi, RBi; 2001-48; TPRF 1991). A female or immature at Pharr, Hidalgo, from 10 July-15 August 2001 (G&PHi; 2002-1; TPRF 1992). A male at McAllen, Hidalgo, from 28 September-18 October 2001 (RRo, SB, NBa, JO, BMc; 2001-123; TPRF 1993).

Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) (50). A male at Houston, Harris, from 3 November 2001 to 18 February 2002 (MM, JHi, RHa, MG; 2001-143; TPRF 1994). A female at El Paso, El Paso, from 28 November 2001 to 7 March 2002 (BZ, ML, PR; 2001-142; TPRF 1995). An immature male at Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 9 April 2002 (DBi; 2002-41; TPRF 2025). A male at Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 25 April-27 May 2002 (KBr, GL, ML; 2002-60; TPRF 1973).

White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis) (11). A male at the Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, from 20 June-25 August 2002 (M&ME; 2002-89; TPRF 2050).

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae) (9). One in the Christmas Mountains, Brewster, from 10-11 December 2000 (COK; 2001-5; TPRF 1997). A male seven miles NW of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 10 June to 1 September 2001 (N&VR, KBr, ML, BFr, MK, JO; 2001-96; TPRF 1998).

Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) (23). An adult male at San Antonio, Bexar, from September 1977 through 21 February 1978 (DBra; 2001-34; TPRF 129). An adult male at Houston, Harris, from 15-23 February 1999 (AWi, RO; 1999-123; TPRF 1999). One banded at Corpus Christi,Nueces, on 3 September 2001 (GS; 2001-111). One banded at West Columbia, Brazoria, from 19 January-16 February 2002 (CB; 2002-27; TPRF 2000). One banded at Lake Jackson, Brazoria, on 25 January 2002 (CB; 2002-28). One banded at Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 13 February 2002 (GS; 2002-29; *TCWC 13861). One banded at Lake Jackson, Brazoria, on 27 February 2002 (CB; 2002-30; TPRF 2026). One banded at Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 24 August 2002 (GS; 2002-99; *TCWC 13908). One banded at Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 8 September 2002 (GS; 2002-107; *TCWC 13909). The specimens housed at the TCWC consist of tail feathers removed from captured individuals. Underlined records: identification based on photographs, diagnostic tail measurements not available.

Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) (59). One at Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 10 November 2000 (AWo; 2001-38). One nine miles south of Alpine, Brewster, on 16 November 2000 (D≤ 2001-2). One at Grand Prairie, Dallas, on 30 November 2000 (KN; 2001-112). One at Marfa, Presidio, on 2 December 2000 (RRa; 2001-31). One near Quemado, Maverick, from 27 December 2001 to 13 January 2002 (MC, CCu; 2002-24; TPRF 2001). Up to two at Fredericksburg, Gillespie, from 28 December 2001 to 7 March 2002 (SY, SGr, TFe, ML, RPi, RRe; 2002-6; TPRF 2002). Up to two at Potosi, Taylor, from 3 February to 30 March 2002 (BFr, TFe, JFa, RDa, FB, LBl, BP; 2002-40; TPRF 2003). Lewis's Woodpecker was removed from the Review List on 17 August 2002.

Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber) (2). One at Big Bend Ranch SP, Presidio, on 3 December 2000 (KBr; 2001-30).

Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax) (9). One on the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 5 May 2001 (LH; 2001-103).

Buff-breasted Flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons) (4). Up to four (two adults and two fledglings) at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, from 9 June-7 August 2002 (BFr, PH, KBr, CE, FB; 2002-74; TPRF 2051).

Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) (20).One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 21 December 2000-3 January 2001 (PC, BMc, KE; 2001-10; TPRF 2004). One at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron, from 28 December 2000-25 March 2001 (BMc, KE, DBr, CJ; 2001-9; TPRF 2005). One in the Chisos Basin, Big Bend NP, Brewster, from 26 April-22 June 2001 (JDu, TV; 2001-76). Two at Boot Canyon, Big Bend NP, Brewster, from 6-21 June 2001 (MD, JO; 2001-89; TPRF 2006). Up to four (two adults and two juveniles) at Boot Spring, Big Bend NP,Brewster, from 26 April-1 September 2002 (MV, GL, SH, DH, BFr; 2002-56; TBSL 235).

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris) (12). One at South Padre Island, Cameron, from 5-12 May 2001 (CCo, B&JR, SB, SK; 2001-78; TPRF 2007). One at Aransas NWR, Aransas, on 2 May 2002 (JPr; 2002-86; TPRF 2052).

Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) (4). One at Quintana, Brazoria, on 10 October 2001 (RWe; 2001-126).

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (28). A female at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, from 25 May-1 October 2002 (PH, ML, F&JD, RHo, FB, MC, BP, KeH; 2002-69; TPRF 2053).

Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) (31). One at Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 25 April 2001 (BFr; 2001-74). One at Sabal Palms Sanctuary,Cameron, from 7 June-22 July 2001 (RGi, BP, PH, DP; 2001-105). One near Realitos, Duval, on 15 September 2001 (JHa; 2001-118). Up to three at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 1 June-29 July 2002 (F&JD, MH, RHo, ML, FB, PH, MC, KeH, SGr, DE, JPac; 2002-67; TPRF 2054; TBSL 235).

Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (18). One at High Island, Galveston, from 14-15 April 2001 (PG, GM; 2001-70). One at High Island,Galveston, on 30 April 2002 (RPa, BAb; 2002-78; TPRF 1974).

Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) (20). One at Wild Rose Pass, Jeff Davis, on 6 September 2001 (BP; 2001-116).

Tamaulipas Crow (Corvus imparatus). Up to four at Brownsville, Cameron, from 18 March to 22 May 2001 (RDo, JA; 2001-65). Up to six at Brownsville, Cameron, from 13 March to 11 July 2002 (JA, CMe, CN, TFr, BiB, JSi, PH, RHo, KeH; 2002-47; TBSL 235). The population of Tamaulipas Crow in the United States has dwindled to the point that this species was added to the Review List in 2000.

Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (11). One at Rio Grande Village, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 30 December 2000 (J&KR; 2001-14; TPRF 2008).

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (20). One at Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis, from 30 November-1 December 2000, (KBr; 2001-4). One at Balmorhea SP, Reeves, on 24-25 October 2001 (TJ, MAd; 2001-127; TPRF 2009).

Yellow (Mangrove) Warbler (Dendroica petechia bryanti) (2). A male at Rockport, Aransas, on 26 May 1978 (SCh; 2002-10; TPRF 2010). A male at the mouth of the Rio Grande, Cameron, from 20 March-6 April 1990 (GLa, MKr, GL, JFl, EG; 2002-11; TPRF 2011).

Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons) (24). One in Pine Canyon, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 2 May 2000 (TVZ, D&NL; 2000-40). One at Matagorda Island SP, Calhoun, on 6 May 2001 (BFr; 2001-80). One in the Chisos Mountains, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 3 August 2001 (DJo; 2001-130). One at Canyon Lake, Comal, on 15 September 2001 (RN, RSi; 2001-117). One at Boot Spring, Big Bend NP, Brewster, from 23 July-25 August 2002 (TFe, EC, AH, DH, PR, MF, JDo; 2002-93; TPRF 2055).

Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus) (4). One near Emory Peak, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 25 April 2001 (PT; 2001-75).

Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) (14). One at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron, on 12 August 2001 (MCon; 2002-77; TPRF 1975). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 29 March 2002 (CMi; 2002-38; TPRF 2012).

Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata) (3). A male at Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, from 1-5 October 2001 (M&ME, MAd, KBr; 2001-122; TPRF 2014).

Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii) (39). One near Fort Worth, Tarrant, on 1 May 1999 (BT, JWS; 1999-43). One at Rio Grande Village, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 7 May 2000 (RWa, JMu; 2000-42; TPRF 2013). One at Cottonwood Campground, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 12 May 2002 (KBr; 20002-79; TPRF 1976).

Dark-eyed (White-winged) Junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni) (4). One collected near Quitaque, Briscoe, on 19 December 1968 (*USNM 531924). One at Palo Duro Reservoir, Hansford, on 24 January 2002 (MI; 2001-61; TPRF 2015). One at Wolf Creek Park, Ochiltree, on 24 January 2002 (MI; 2001-62; TPRF 1872).

Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina) (27). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 27 November 2000-23 February 2001 (BMc, KE, B&MCo, J&PC; 2001-13; TPRF 2017). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 23 January-31 March 2002 (JA, B&MC, ML; 2002-23; TPRF 2018). One 2.5 miles southwest of Mission, Hidalgo, from 14 February to 10 March and 12-13 April 2002 (JA; 2002-58; TPRF 2019).

Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) (8). One at Matagorda Island SP, Calhoun, on 1 April 2001 (ME; 2001-68). Two at Port O'Connor,Calhoun, from 15-22 April 2001 (BFr, B&JR, RDa; 2001-71).

Orchard (Fuertes's) Oriole (Icterus spurius fuertesi) (2). A male at Brownsville, Cameron, on 3 April 1894 (FA; *MCZ 258513; 2002-8; TPRF 2020; Dickerman 1964). A male at Arroyo City, Cameron, from 15 April-17 July 1998 and 11 April-17 July 1999 (K&BB; 2002-9; TPRF 2021).

White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) (4). A female at Lake Tanglewood, Randall, from 24-28 December 2001 (BP, KS; 2002-4; TPRF 2022).

Lawrence's Goldfinch (Carduelis lawrencei) (13). A male at Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, from 5-7 June 2002 (JW; 2002-73; TPRF 2023). This represents a very unexpected first summer record for the state.


A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted because the bird was obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is not accepted because the material submitted was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members feel the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented.

Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata). Balmorhea Lake, Reeves, on 15 December 2000 (2001-20).

Wilson's Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus). Below Falcon Dam, Starr, on 18 September 1988 (2001-33). Port Isabel, Cameron, on 13 January 2001 (2001-18).

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber). Loma Alta Lake, Cameron, on 6 April 2000 (2000-51).

White-cheeked Pintail (Anas bahamensis). Brazoria NWR, Brazoria, on 11 September 1996 (1996-130).

Garganey (Anas querquedula). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 26 December 2000 (2001-40).

Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris). McAllen, Hidalgo, on 15 February 2001 (2001-50).

Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus). Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 21 April 2001 (2001-73).

Mew Gull (Larus canus). Seabrook, Harris, on 16 December 2000 (2001-17).

Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri). Brownsville, Cameron, on 6-7 March 2000 (2000-18). Bolivar Flats, Galveston, on 15 April 2000 (2000-24). Lake Lewisville, Denton, on 4 January 2001 (2001-41). East Beach, Galveston, on 6 March 2001 (2001-87).

Yellow-footed Gull (Larus livens). Surfside, Brazoria, on 24 September 1999 (2001-101).

Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita). Galveston, Galveston, on 5 May 2001 (2001-79).

Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti). Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron, on 31 January 1999 (1999-14). Honey Creek SNA, Comal, on 26 January 2001 (2001-21).

Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma). Fluvanna, Scurry, on 19 March 2001 (2001-67).

Mottled Owl (Ciccaba virgata). On FM 3013 in northern Wharton on 14 February 2001 (2001-63).

Cuban Pewee (Contopus caribaeus). Petroleum platform off North Padre Island, Kenedy, on 9 October 1999 (1999-120).

Pacific-slope Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis). Near Victoria, Victoria, on 24 September 2000 (2000-115). This individual was mist-netted and identified using measurements. Consultation with authorities on the species revealed that the formula used is not believed to be reliable when the sex of the bird can't be determined with certainty.

Thick-billed Kingbird (Tyrannus crassirostris). One at Santa Elena Canyon, BBNP, Brewster, on 10 June 2001 (2001-104).

Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis). Anahuac NWR, Chambers, on 30 April 1999 (1999-31). High Island, Galveston, on 8 May 2001 (2001-81).

Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus). Near Sea Rim State Park, Jefferson, on 29 April 1999 (1999-60). Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron, on 23 April 2000 (2000-48). Galveston, Galveston, on 21 May 2000 (2000-65).

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapilla). Near Gene Howe WMA, Hemphill, on 15 February 2001 (2001-51).

Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus). Chandler, Henderson, on 8 May 2001 (2001-93).

Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia). Plano, Collin, from 4-29 August 2001 (2001-108). Golden-cheeked Warbler is not a Review Species, but a TBRC member requested that it be reviewed.

Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). Plano, Collin, on 17 September 1983 (1999-93).

Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii). Rio Grande Village, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 3 May 1980 (2000-17).


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DITTMANN, D. L., and G. W. LASLEY. 1992. How to document rare birds. Birding


LOCKWOOD, M. W. 2000. Texas Bird Records Committee report for 1999. Bull. of the Tex. Ornith. Soc. 33: 13-22.

LOETSCHER, F. W. Jr. 1956. Masked Duck and Jacana at Brownsville, Texas. Auk 73:291.