1995 Annual Report

Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1995

Carl B. Haynie

This report contains the decisions of the Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society reached during 1995. For information on previous actions of the TBRC, see Arnold (1984, 1985), Lasley (1988, 1989, 1990, 1991), and Haynie (1992a, 1992b, 1993, 1994). The committee requests and reviews documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see end of report) as well as any record of any species if requested to do so by a member of the TBRC. The TBRC reached a final decision on 94 records during 1995: 68 records of 40 species were accepted and 26 records of 22 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 72% for this report. There were 123 observers who submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 1995. This report officially adds 3 species to the Texas state list: Collared Forest-Falcon, Green Parakeet, and Red-crowned Parrot. The TBRC voted to add Green Parakeet and Red-crowned Parrot since it was agreed that populations of these two species in the Lower Rio Grande Valley meet the strict criteria for well-established species, whether as a result of natural occurrence, introduction, or both. During 1995, the committee also accepted a photographic record of "Common" Teal, the Palearctic race of Green-winged Teal (see "Accepted Review List C Records" below). The above actions brought the official Texas state list at the end of 1995 to 593 species in good standing, while the official Presumptive Species List remained at 5 species. Several records which should complete circulation through the TBRC in 1996 will represent new Texas species. In addition, several anticipated species "splits" by the American Ornithologist's Union will result in a larger state list as well. The TBRC solicits reports of any species on the Review List as well as any species not previously accepted for Texas. The committee desires written descriptions as well as photographs, video, and audio recordings if available. If anyone has information concerning a Review List species but is unsure how to submit that information please contact any member of the TBRC or contact the committee secretary, Greg Lasley, 305 Loganberry Court, Austin, Texas 78745-6527. For guidelines on preparing rare bird documentation, readers are encouraged to consult "How to Document Rare Birds" (Dittmann and Lasley 1992). The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following The AOU Checklist of North American Birds (AOU 1983) as currently supplemented. A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 1995. In instances where birds were known to return from previous years, this number will be followed by a slash and a second number. The second number denotes the total number of accepted records if known returnees are excluded. The number(s) will be listed for all species which appear on Review Lists A and C as currently amended (see end of report). Within each species the records are listed chronologically. All observers who submitted written documentation or photos of accepted records are listed by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverers submitted a description. There has been no attempt to list all observers who saw a particular bird. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. This number consists of the year the record was originally submitted to the committee followed by a dash then a number. If photos or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. If an audio recording of the bird is on file with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam Houston State University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number if available. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases this information has been supplemented with a full range of dates the bird(s) was present if that information was made available to the TBRC later. All locations in italics are counties. TBRC Membership. -- Members of the TBRC during 1995 who participated in decisions listed in this report are: John Arvin, Chair, Keith Arnold, Academician, Greg Lasley, Secretary, Carl Haynie, Martin Reid, Chuck Sexton, David Wolf, Gail Diane Yovanovich, and Barry Zimmer. During 1995, David Wolf and Barry Zimmer retired from the committee, and Mark Lockwood and Willie Sekula were elected new members. The Chair, Academician and Secretary were all re-elected. Contributors. -- David Arbour, Rich & Nanette Armstrong (R&NA), John Arvin, Audrey Ashcraft, Mike Austin, Jeanne Ayers (JAy), Sue Barton, Giff Beaton, Bob Behrstock, Mike Bishop, Lori Black, Hazel Bluhm, Johnny Boerjon (JoB), Julie Boone, David Bradford (DaB), Tim Brush, John Buckman (JBu), Frank Bumgardner, Winnie Burkett, Sheriton & Dorothy Burr (S&DB), Alan Byboth, Dawn Carrie (DCa), Ronnie Carroll, Mason Cloud, Don Connell, Mel Cooksey (MCo), Chris Corben, Scott Crabtree, Wesley Cureton, Scott Cutler (SCu), David Dauphin, Don Delnicki (DDe), Elizabeth Dumont, Lewis Dumont, Mark Elwonger, Sterling Essenmacher, Steve Feil, Phyllis Frank, Tony Frank, Charles & Louise Gambill (C&LG), John Gee (JGe), Jeff Gordon, Peter Gottschling, William Graber, Mary Gustafson, Bruce Hallett, Peggy Harding, Jim Haw, Carl Haynie, Jim Holmes (JHo), Ronald Huffman, Lisa Hug, James Hunter (JHu), Bob Johnson, Tom Johnson, Jane Kittleman, Sanford Komito, Greg Lasley, Mark Lockwood, Barry Lowes, Guy Luneau (GLu), Donna & Ed Maddox (D&EM), James & Betsy Massey (J&BM), Brad McKinney, Charles Mills, Mary Ann Moore (MAM), Robert Moore, Jim Morgan, Jack & Elaine Morman (J&EM), John Muldrow (JMu), Ken Nanney, Bruce Neville, Nancy Newfield, Darrin O'Brien, Vicki O'Brien, Andy O'Neil, Brent Ortego, Jim Paton, Mike Patterson, Michael Pawlick (MPa), Dwight Peake, Bruce Peterjohn, Nick Pulcinella, Warren Pulich, Joel Reese, Martin Reid, Will Risser, K. C. Roberts (KCR), Phil Rostron, Will Russell (WRu), John & Betsy Searight (J&BS), Willie Sekula, Larry Semo, Chuck Sexton, Ken Seyffert, J.W. Sifford (JWS), Richard C. Sims (RCS), Richard M. Sims (RMS), Ruth Ann & Clyde Smith (R&CS), Evelyn Solomon (ESo), Alexander & Elizabeth Spencer (A&ES), Ernest Stokely, Peder Svingen, Elliot Tramer, Ed Wetzel, W. G. Whitcomb (WGW), Matt White, John Whittle, Sue Wiedenfeld, Dalton Willis (DWi), David Wolf, Alan Wormington, Gail Diane Yovanovich (GDY), and Barry Zimmer. Acknowledgments. -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. The author would especially like to thank Greg Lasley for reviewing a draft of this article. Additional Abbreviations. -- AFN = Audubon Field Notes; BBNP = Big Bend National Park; FM = Farm to Market road; GMNP = Guadalupe Mountains National Park; NWR = National Wildlife Refuge; SNA = State Natural Area; SP = State Park; SR = State Route; UTEP = University of Texas, El Paso. Accepted Records Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) (47). One was at the HL&P Cooling Ponds, Chambers on 18 December 1993 (DD; 1994-35). One was on Lake Murvaul, Panola on 26 December 1993 (KN, HB; 1994-18). One adult was photographed on Lake O' the Pines, Marion during its stay 20-26 March 1994 (GLu, GDY, MW, KN; 1994-52, TPRF #1230). One adult was photographed in the Rockport harbor, Aransas on 30 Mar 1994 (JHo, JB; 1994-106, TPRF #1231). One was on Lake Livingston, San Jacinto and Polk on 7 May 1994 (AW; 1994-105). Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (10). Two were photographed on Lake Wright Patman, Bowie during their stay 31 December 1993 - 27 February 1994 (DA, GLu, GDY, DO, GL, HB, CM, KN; 1994-23; TPRF #1221). A photograph documenting this record was published in AFN 48:224. Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) (10). One was photographed 82 miles off Port O'Connor, Calhoun on 23 July 1994 (CS, BO, GL, CH, DaB, J&EM; 1994-129; TPRF #1275). Audubon's Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri) (13). Sixteen birds, some videotaped, were 70 miles off Port O'Connor, Calhoun on 28 May 1994 (ME, DP, DaB, TF, PF; 1994- 98; TPRF #1268). Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) (9). One was 50 miles off Port Isabel, Cameron on 12 September 1992 (MR, DP, RC; 1992-121). Four birds, some videotaped, were 65- 85 miles off Port O'Connor, Calhoun on 28 May 1994 (ME, DP, DaB, MA, TF, PF; 1994-95; TPRF #1267). Four birds, some photographed, were 85 miles off Port O'Connor on 23 July 1994 (BO, GL, CH, DaB, J&EM, DP, ME; 1994-127; TPRF #1277). Between six and ten were 80 miles off Port O'Connor on 20 August 1994 (ME; 1994-139). Band-rumped Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma castro) (10). Twenty-five birds, some videotaped, were 65-85 miles off Port O'Connor, Calhoun on 28 May 1994 (ME, DP, DaB, MA, TF, PF; 1994-96; TPRF #1266). Ten birds, some photographed, were 85 miles off Port O'Connor on 23 July 1994 (BO, GL, J&EM; 1994- 128, TPRF #1276). Four were 80 miles off Port O'Connor on 20 August 1994 (ME; 1994-138). The committee continues to be surprised by the relative abundance of Band-rumped Storm- Petrels in Texas waters while Wilson's Storm-Petrels are virtually absent. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus). This species was recently removed from the Review List. One adult was near Fannett, Jefferson on 21 March 1993 (JW; 1994-28). One adult was near Norias, Kenedy on 5 February 1994 (BO; 1994-44). One adult was in Chambers from 16-22 April 1994 (MA, BB; 1994- 109). One adult was at Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 7 May 1994 (AW; 1994-104). One to two were photographed at Mitchell Lake, Bexar during their stay 17-31 May 1994 (WS; 1994-124, TPRF #1281). One to two adults were photographed at Anahuac NWR during their stay 10 July - 4 September 1994 (JW, GL; 1994-130, TPRF #1278). Two adults were at Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Colorado on 5 September 1994 (GL; 1994-144). Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica) (32). One female was collected near Hargill, Hidalgo on 9 January 1977, but the specimen was only recently documented and photographed (DDe; 1994-48, TPRF #1235). One female-plumaged bird was at Riviera, Kleberg from 11-22 September 1993 (DWi, NN; 1994-45). One to five female-plumaged birds were photographed at Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Colorado during their stay 11-25 December 1993 (JM, BH; 1994-32, TPRF #1224). Two to eight birds (including up to two drakes) were photographed at Brazos Bend SP, Fort Bend during their stay 11 December 1993 - 28 April 1994 (PG, TF, PF, JBu, GDY, DCa, JM; 1994-2, TPRF #1218). A photograph of one of these birds was published in AFN 48:225. Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) (2). One light- morph adult was photographed at Bentsen SP, Hidalgo on 8 March 1994 (BM; 1994-49, TPRF #1229). Several reports of single birds in 1994 and 1995 are in circulation. Collared Forest-Falcon (Micrastur semitorquatus) (1). One light-morph adult was videotaped and tape recorded at Bentsen SP, Hidalgo during its stay 22 January - 24 February 1994 (C&LG, ED, CC, LH, JMu, GL, JAy, JK, SK, GDY, CS, JG, MA, CH, BM, ME, BO; 1994-40, TPRF #1227, TBSL #206-01). In addition, a photograph documenting this first record for North America was published in AFN (48:225). Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa) (21). Two adults and one immature, the latter of which was photographed, were in Olmito, Cameron from 15 March - 18 April 1993 (MPa, NP; 1994- 118, TPRF #1233). One adult was photographed at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo during its stay 5 April - 10 May 1994 (BM, LS; 1994-92, TPRF #1264). Surfbird (Aphriza virgata) (4). One was photographed at Port Aransas, Nueces during its stay 4-11 April 1975 (S&DB; 1994-87, TPRF #1263). Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) (12). One was in Freeport, Brazoria on 19 December 1993 (DD; 1994-43). Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) (5). One breeding plumaged adult was photographed at Pintail Lake, Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo during its stay 3-7 May 1994 (TB, ML, BM, MPa; 1994-85, TPRF #1262). One basic-plumaged bird was photographed at Bolivar Flats, Galveston during its stay 24 June - 7 July 1994 (WB, BB, GDY, DaB, WR; 1994-120, TPRF #1274). Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) (19/16). One reeve was near Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 21 April 1994 (JHu; 1994-88). Little Gull (Larus minutus) (23/19). One adult was photographed at Lake Wright Patman, Cass & Bowie during its stay 31 December 1993 - 9 February 1994 (CM, GLu, GDY, GL, PH, HB, KN; 1994-22, TPRF #1222). One adult was at Lake Waco, McLennan from 12 December 1993 - 9 January 1994 (FB, JMu; 1994-1). Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) (7/6). One adult was photographed at Lake Wright Patman, Bowie & Cass during its stay 31 December 1993 - 18 February 1994 (CM, GL, GLu, JGe, PH, HB; 1994-31, TPRF #1223). A photograph of this bird was published in AFN 48:226. Mew Gull (Larus canus) (5). One adult was found in Arlington and photographed in Fort Worth, Tarrant during its stay 22 January - 6 February 1994 (CH, JWS; 1994-39, TPRF #1226). California Gull (Larus californicus) (28). One adult was at North Padre Island, Kleberg on 30 January 1992 (MCo; 1992- 53). One adult was at the Arlington Landfill, Tarrant on 12 February 1994 (R&NA, PR; 1994-47). Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri) (21). One adult was at High Island, Galveston on 16 April 1994 (WRu, BB; 1994-108). Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) (64/51). One adult was photographed southwest of Sea Rim SP, Jefferson during its stay 23-26 April 1994 (GL, PS, SB; 1994-103, TPRF #1271). Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) (56). One first- or second-winter bird was photographed at Boca Chica, Cameron on 26 April 1994 (BM; 1994-93, TPRF #1265). One first-summer bird was photographed at Bolivar Flats, Galveston during its stay 2-22 May 1994 (KN, AW, JW; 1994-100, TPRF #1270). Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (18/14). One third-year bird was at Sea Rim SP, Jefferson on 20 March 1994 (WG; 1994-53). Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) (43). One first-winter bird was photographed on Mustang Island, Nueces on 1 December 1993 (CC, LH; 1994-16, TPRF #1234). Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) (12). One immature and one adult bird were off Port Mansfield, Willacy on 26 September 1993 (RC; 1994-125). Eighteen to twenty birds, some photographed and videotaped, were 65-85 miles off Port O'Connor, Calhoun on 28 May 1994 (ME, DP, DaB, TF, PF; 1994- 97, TPRF #1269). Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (14). One adult was tape recorded at Tejas campsite, GMNP, Culberson on 11 May 1994 (GL; 1995-81, TBSL #215-01). Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) (14). One female was mist netted and photographed in Driftwood, Hays on 14 May 1994 (MB, DC, JA; 1994-119, TPRF #1272). One was in Helotes, Bexar between 16-17 May 1994 (RH; 1994-107). Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii) (3). One female plumaged bird, exhibiting an iridescent green belly stripe, was videotaped in Falfurrias, Brooks during its stay 22-27 September 1993 (JoB, ESo, AO; 1994-30, TPRF #1273). Female and immature Green-breasted Mangos can be confused with Black-throated Mango in that both species have long ventrally- located dark central stripes. Initially, this record was accepted only as "mango sp.". However, research by Arvin demonstrates that such mangos can be safely identified if blue/green iridescence is seen in the central stripe. Thus, the present record was accepted on second review. Additionally, at the TBRC annual meeting on 16 September 1995, the committee voted 7-1 to elevate Texas' first record of a "mango sp." (1988-272) to a Green-breasted Mango based not on central stripe color (which was not evident in the photos or description) but on geographic probability. Therefore, the number of accepted Green-breasted Mango records increased by two for this annual report. White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis) (5). One adult male was photographed near Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, during its stay 24 July - 31 August 1994 (R&CS, JGe; 1994-131, TPRF #1280). This bird was seen from the same two homes where 2-3 female/immature birds were photographed the previous year. This site is located at an elevation of about 6000 feet in the Davis Mountains. Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) (6). Two were tape recorded in Port Isabel, Cameron during their stay 17 May - 7 July 1994 (BM, CS, GL; 1994-110, TBSL #216-03). Two to four were tape recorded and photographed at Rancho Viejo, Cameron where they've remained since 5 June 1994 (BM, CS, GL, JBu; 1994-111, TPRF #1232, TBSL #216-04). Thick-billed Kingbird (Tyrannus crassirostris) (11). One was 7 miles east of Presidio, Presidio on 21 August 1994 (D&EM; 1994-142). American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus) (6). One was photographed in Austin, Travis on 5 March 1994 (SF, R&NA, CS; 1994-51, TPRF #1236). Clay-colored Robin (Turdus grayi) (46/41). One was photographed at Bentsen SP, Hidalgo during its stay 30 January - 10 March 1994 (GL; 1994-46, TPRF #1228). Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (4). One was found dead on the UTEP campus in El Paso, El Paso on 27 October 1993 (SCu, BZ; 1994-36, TPRF #1225, *UTEP #1439). The bird was found under a window at the Centennial Museum on a day following extremely strong winds. Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons) (11). One was at Boot Spring, BBNP, Brewster on 7 August 1993 (J&BS; 1994- 19). One was in El Paso, El Paso on 16 August 1994 (JP, BN; 1994-137). Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii) (11). One was along FM 505, 2.5 miles east of SR 90, Jeff Davis on 19 Jan 1992 (BP, MG; 1992-40). Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowsii). This species was removed from the Review List in 1994, but two records submitted before that time recently completed circulation. One was in Houston, Harris on 30 December 1972 (RM, MAM, WGW; 1992-109). Up to four were at Camp Tyler, Smith from 21 November 1993 - 31 March 1994 (GLu, DO, VO, AB; 1993-148). Golden-crownd Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) (12). One immature was photographed at Hueco Tanks SP, El Paso during its stay 19 December 1993 - 2 May 1994 (BJ, BN, BZ, AW, LD; 1994-17, TPRF #1219). Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea) (4). One adult male was photographed in Dallas, Dallas during its stay 8-31 January 1994 (A&ES, WP, EW; 1994-24, TPRF #1220). Accepted Review List C Records Green-winged ("Common") Teal (Anas crecca crecca/A. c. nimia) (1). One adult male was photographed in east Fort Worth, Tarrant during its stay 30 January - 1 February 1994 (MR, JWS, EW, MP; 1994-135). Lacking any evidence of captivity, this bird was unanimously considered to be a naturally occurring vagrant and, as such, provided the first fully documented Texas record of "Common" Teal. Unaccepted Records A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted because the bird was obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is denied acceptance because the material submitted to the TBRC was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members feels the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented. Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica). One (1994-42) at Amistad Reservoir, Val Verde on 28 December 1993. Audubon's Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri). One (1994- 126) off Port Mansfield, Willacy on 26 September 1993. The committee continues to vote conservatively on purported Audubon's Shearwater records when indisputable features in separating the species from Manx Shearwater are absent from the documentation. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus). One (1994-121) near Winnie, Chambers on 27 April 1994. One (1994-84) at Norias, Kenedy on 7 May 1994. Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator). One (1994-38) at Buffalo Lake NWR, Randall on 24 December 1993. While this swan had been tagged with a green and white neck collar, there was no additional information available to prove it wasn't a similarly marked Tundra Swan. One (1994-37) at Lake Marvin, Hemphill on 26 December 1993. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). One (1994-34) at Chisos Basin, BBNP, Brewster on 6 April 1993. One (1994-82) near Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 7 May 1994. Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis). One (1994-79) at Crystal Beach, Galveston on 18 April 1994. While intriguing, the description fell well short of documenting a species whose existence anywhere hasn't been proven in 30 years. Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus). One (1994-112) at Bolivar Flats, Galveston on 23 April 1994. California Gull (Larus californicus). One (1994-83) at Lake Balmorhea, Reeves on 8 May 1994. Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus). One (1993-127) on North Padre Island, Kleberg on 9 October 1993. Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti). One (1994-123) at Rio Grande Village, BBNP, Brewster on 13 May 1994. Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma). One (1994-115) at GMNP, Culberson on 29 May 1994. Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris). Four (1993-112) at Kickapoo Caverns SNA, Edwards on 24 April 1993. Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae). Two (1994- 122) in Houston, Harris on 23-24 April 1994. Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica). One (1993-152) in the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis on 21 November 1993. A confusingly similar partial albino Great-tailed Grackle was described in this same area at about the same time, thus bringing this magpie report under question. Bridled Titmouse (Parus wollweberi). One (1994-41) at Panther Junction, BBNP, Brewster on 26 September 1993. Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina). One (1993-120) along Window Trail, BBNP, Brewster on 29 July 1993. Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivacea). One (1994-89) at Sarita, Kenedy on 22 February 1994. Five-striped Sparrow (Amphispiza quinquestriata). One (1994-90) south of Alpine, Brewster on 18 April 1994. Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii). One (1993-104) at Chisos Basin, BBNP, Brewster from 8-10 May 1993. One (1994- 133) at Buffalo Lake NWR, Randall on 30 April 1994. Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis). One (1994-113) on Bolivar Peninsula, Galveston on 16 April 1994. Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus). One (1994-99) at Falcon SP, Starr on 6 February 1994. Photographs taken of this bird indicate it was, in fact, an immature Altamira Oriole. White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera). Multiple birds (1994-26) in Llano on 19 November 1993. Literature Cited American Ornithologists' Union. 1983. Checklist of North American birds, 6th ed. American Ornith. Union, Baltimore, Maryland. Arnold, K. A. 1984. Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records Committee for 1984. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 17(1&2):18- 19. ------. 1985. Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records Committee for 1985. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 18(1&2):31-32. Dittmann, D. L., and G. W. Lasley. 1992. How to document rare birds. Birding 24:145-159. Haynie, C. B. 1992a. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1991. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(1):2-12. ------. 1992b. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1992. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(2):30-41. ------. 1993. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1993. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 26(1&2):2-14. ------. 1994. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1994. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 27(1):2-15. Lasley, G. W. 1988. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1987. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 21(1&2):25-32. ------. 1989. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1988. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 22(1&2):2-14. ------. 1990. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1989. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 23(1&2):6-19. ------. 1991. Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1990. Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 24(1):2-15. Oberholser, H. C. 1974. The bird life of Texas. The University of Texas Press, Austin. TBRC Review List The TBRC requests details, including descriptions and photos if possible, of all records of the following species. Review List A. -- Rarities: These species, in general, include birds that have occurred four or fewer times per year anywhere in Texas over a ten-year average. The TBRC requests documentation for review for any new or any previously unsubmitted record of the below species no matter how long ago the record occurred. The TBRC also requests details on any record of a species not yet accepted on the Texas State List. Red-throated Loon, Pacific Loon, Yellow-billed Loon, Red- necked Grebe, Yellow-nosed Albatross, White-chinned Petrel, Greater Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, Audubon's Shearwater, Wilson's Storm-Petrel, Leach's Storm- Petrel, Band-rumped Storm-Petrel, Red-billed Tropicbird, Blue- footed Booby, Brown Booby, Red-footed Booby, Glossy Ibis, Jabiru, Greater Flamingo, Trumpeter Swan, Brant, American Black Duck, White-cheeked Pintail, Garganey, Eurasian Wigeon, Harlequin Duck, Barrow's Goldeneye, Masked Duck, Snail Kite, Northern Goshawk, Crane Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, Paint-billed Crake, Spotted Rail, Double-striped Thick- Knee, Collared Plover, Northern Jacana, Wandering Tattler, Eskimo Curlew, Surfbird, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Purple Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Ruff, Red Phalarope, Long-tailed Jaeger, Little Gull, Black-headed Gull (formerly Common Black- headed Gull), Heermann's Gull, Mew Gull, California Gull, Thayer's Gull, Iceland Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Slaty- backed Gull, Western Gull, Glaucous Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Black-legged Kittiwake, Sabine's Gull, Elegant Tern, Bridled Tern, Brown Noddy, Black Noddy, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Mangrove Cuckoo, Snowy Owl, Northern Pygmy-Owl, Mottled Owl, Northern Saw-whet Owl, White-collared Swift, Green Violet-ear, Green-breasted Mango, Broad-billed Hummingbird, White-eared Hummingbird, Violet-crowned Hummingbird, Costa's Hummingbird, Allen's Hummingbird, Elegant Trogon, Lewis' Woodpecker, Ivory- billed Woodpecker (presumed extirpated in Texas), Greenish Elaenia, Tufted Flycatcher, Greater Pewee, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Thick-billed Kingbird, Gray Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Rose-throated Becard, Masked Tityra, Gray-breasted Martin, Clark's Nutcracker, Black-billed Magpie, American Dipper, Clay-colored Robin, White-throated Robin, Rufous-backed Robin, Varied Thrush, Aztec Thrush, Black Catbird, Bohemian Waxwing, Gray Silky-flycatcher, Yellow-green Vireo, Black-whiskered Vireo, Yucatan Vireo, Connecticut Warbler, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat, Red-faced Warbler, Golden-crowned Warbler, Rufous-capped Warbler, Olive Warbler, Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Blue Bunting, Yellow-faced Grassquit, Baird's Sparrow, Golden-crowned Sparrow, Yellow-eyed Junco, Snow Bunting, Shiny Cowbird, Black-vented Oriole, Pine Grosbeak, White-winged Crossbill, Common Redpoll, Lawrence's Goldfinch. Review List B. -- Species under special study by sub- committee of TBRC concerning their distribution and status in Texas: Records of these species will not be formally reviewed by the TBRC (except for winter Swainson's Hawk and Semipalmated Sandpiper records which will be reviewed), but documentation is requested to assist in these studies. Clark's Grebe, Cory's Shearwater, Muscovy Duck, Common Black-Hawk, Swainson's Hawk (December-January), Aplomado Falcon (reintroduction program in progress), Semipalmated Sandpiper (December-January), Pomarine Jaeger, Parasitic Jaeger, Spotted Owl, Williamson's Sapsucker, Northern Shrike. Review List C. -- Recognizable subspecies which, if they were elevated to full species status, would qualify for placement under Review List A: Reports of these subspecies will always be solicited and formerly reviewed. Green-winged ("Common") Teal, Yellow ("Mangrove") Warbler, Dark-eyed ("White-winged") Junco. Presumptive Species List. -- The following is the official TBRC list of species for which written descriptions of sight records have been accepted by the TBRC but the species has not yet met the requirements for full acceptance on the Texas List (specimen, photo, video, or audio recording for at least one record). White-crowned Pigeon, Berylline Hummingbird, Social Flycatcher, Crescent-chested Warbler, Slate-throated Redstart