2021 Annual Report



674 Goodnight Trail, Dripping Springs, Texas 78620

The Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society requests and reviews documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see TBRC web page at http://www.texasbirdrecordscommittee.org). Annual reports of the committee’s activities have appeared in the Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society since 1984. For more information about the Texas Ornithological Society or the TBRC, please visit www.texasbirds.org. The committee reached a final decision on 156 records during 2021: 143 records of 48 species were accepted and 13 records of 12 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 91.7% for this report. A total of 259 observers submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 2021.

The TBRC accepted 2 first state records in 2021: Limpkin and Steller's Sea-Eagle. These two additions bring the official Texas State List to 657 species in good standing. This total does not include the 5 species on the Presumptive Species List, nor the 2 species on the Supplemental List.

In addition to the review of previously undocumented species, any committee member may request that a record of any species be reviewed. The committee requests written descriptions as well as photographs, video, and audio recordings if available. Information concerning a Review List species may be submitted to the committee secretary, Eric Carpenter, 674 Goodnight Trail, Dripping Springs, Texas 78620 (email: ecarpe@gmail.com). Guidelines for preparing rare bird documentation can be found in Dittmann and Lasley (1992) How To Document Rare Birds. Online submission forms can be found at https://www.texasbirdrecordscommittee.org/home/forms.

The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following the AOS Check-list of North American Birds (AOU 1998) through the 62nd supplement (Chesser et al. 2021). A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 2021. Species added to the Review List because of population declines or dwindling occurrence in recent years do not have the total number of accepted records denoted as there are many documented records that were not subjected to review (e.g. Brown Jay, Pinyon Jay, Tamaulipas Crow, and Evening Grosbeak). All observers who submitted written documentation or photographs/recordings of accepted records are acknowledged by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverer(s) submitted supporting documentation. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. If photographs or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases this information has been supplemented with a full range of dates the bird was present if that information was made available to the TBRC. All locations in italics are counties. Please note that the county designations of offshore records are used only as a reference to the nearest point of land.

TBRC Membership -- Members of the TBRC during 2021 who participated in decisions listed in this report were: Tony Frank, Chair; Keith Arnold, Academician; Eric Carpenter, (non-voting) Secretary; Sheridan Coffey, Greg Cook, Mel Cooksey, Steve Glover, Mary Gustafson, Dan Jones, Stephan Lorenz, Arman Moreno, Chris Runk, and Willie Sekula.

Contributors - T Jay Adams (TJA), Frank Aguirre, John Allendorf, Dean Anderson, Lily Arp, Noah Arthur, Kevin Ash, Erik Atwell, Ruben Ayala, Colby Ayers, David Bailey (DaB), Kristy Baker (KrB), Noreen Baker, James Barnes (JaB), Ken Beeney, Bruce Berman, John Berner (JBe), Dianne Bernier, Mark Bernier, Brian Berry (BrB), Anne Bielamowicz, Justin Bosler, Gailon Brehm (GaB), Will Brooks, Maureen Brown (MaB), Craig Browning, Joel Buford (JoB), Ray Burr, Geoff Butcher, Bryan Calk (BrC), Shane Cantrell, Blaine Carnes, Eric Carpenter, Jayton Carroll (JaC), Paula Channell, Juan Chavez (JuC), Alyssia Church, Joe Cochran, Kevin Cochran, Sheridan Coffey (ShC), Jim Collins (JiC), Mark Conway (MaC), Greg Cook, Dennis Cooke, Mel Cooksey, Joshua Covill (JoC), Elizabeth DeMoultrie (ElD), Drew Dickert, Sandy Dillard, Ezekial Dobson, Chan Dolan, Jeremy Dominguez, Richard Domokos, Betty Dunn, Jason Duxbury (JaD), Marc Eastman (MEa), Maryann Eastman (MaE), Chris Eberly, Dennis Edgar, Wyatt Egelhoff, Bill Eisele, Mark Esparza, Stephen Falick, Bert Filemyr (BeF), Joe Fischer, Todd Fitzgerald, Jeffrey Fortesque (JeF), Laurie Foss, Phyllis Frank, Tony Frank (ToF), Tim Freiday (TiF), Norma Friedrich, Bob Friedrichs, Christi Gallier (ChG), Tony Gallucci, Larry Galvez, Charmaine Ganson, Nina Garcia, Tricia Gardner (TrG), Raul Garza, David Gersten, Mike Gfeller (MiG), Javier Gonzalez (JaG), Ethan Goodman, Peter Gottschling, Kris Groscop, John Groves, Mary Gustafson, Martin Hagne (MaH), Matt Hale (MHa), Jacob Hall (JaH), Bob Hargis, Rebecca Hartman, Michael Harvey (MiH), Cindy Haugen, Dale Haugen, Dave Hawksworth (DaH), Sue Heath, Pat Heirs (PaH), Jim Hengeveld (JiH), Stefanie Herweck (StH), Marla Hibbitts, Troy Hibbitts, Tom Hince (ToH), Petra Hockey (PeH), Gary Hodne, Judy Holbrook (JuH), Peter Holder, Scott Holt (ScH), Joseph Hood, Lee Hoy, Elsa Hull, Huck Hutchens, Patricia Isaacson, Henry Jerng, Cameron Johnson, Oscar Johnson, Tom Johnson, Dan Jones, Glenda Kelly, Tiffany Kersten, Peter Keyel (PeK), Simon Kiacz, John Kiseda, Phillip Kite, Nick Komar, Ad Konings, Ronnie Kramer, Bob Lange, Jeri Lange (JeL), Cin-Ty Lee (CTL), Janet Lee (JaL), Larry Lee (LaL), Jason Leifester, Javier de Leon (JdL), Nancy Leonard, Clayton Leopold (ClL), Dell Little, Mark Lockwood, Scotty Lofland, Laurie Looper, Stephan Lorenz (StL), Lorrie Lowrie (LoL), Charles Luker, Robbin Mallett (RoM), John Maresh (JMa), Jason Massey (JaM), Kyle Matera, Beth McBroom (BeM), Michael McCloy, Donna McCown (DoM), Diane McCoy, Joseph McCoy (JMc), Robert McCurry, Todd McGrath, Jon McIntyre (JoM), Brad McKinney, Patrick McMahon, Candy McNamee, David McQuade (DaM), Sean Mecredy, Jennifer Miller (JeM), Greg Minnery, John Mittermeier, Arman Moreno, Linda Mortensen, Joanne Mozynski (JMo), Derek Muschalek (DeM), Ken Nanney, Ana Novak, Vincent O'Brien (VOB), Kyle O'Haver (KOH), Araks Ohanyan, Carolyn Ohl, Melba Olsen, Andrew Orgill (AnO), Jay Packer (JaP), Greg Page, Dave Parent (DPa), Dick Park, Cee Cee Parker (CCP), Jim Paton, Maddie Pearson, David Peden (DPe), David Pedum (DaP), Randy Pinkston, Carl Poldrack, Niler Pyeatt, Dennis Rabon (DeR), Janet Rathjen, Fay Ratta, Emily Reasor, Martin Reid, Ken Retrum, Cecilia Riley, David Ringer, Ryan Rodriguez (RyR), Sandi Roesler (SaR), Steve Rogow, Tom Rollins, Frederick Ruckersfeldt (FrR), Peggy Rudman, Richard Rulander, Bill Sain, Isaac Sanchez, David Sarkozi, Robyn Savage (RoS), Mark Scheuerman, Bill Schneider (BiS), Brady Schwab (BrS), Willie Sekula, Paul Sellin, Jeff Sexton, Bob Shackleford (BoS), Ryan Shaw, Brad Shine (BSh), Agnieszka Skuza (AgS), Letha Slagle (LeS), Douglas Smith (DSm), Patricia Smith (PaS), Leonardo Sonoqui, Andrew Spencer, Don Stanley (DoS), Denise Stephens (DeS), Sharon Stiteler, Mary Beth Stowe (MBS), Dianna Strassman (DiS), Jane Strauss (JaS), Jana Stutzman (JSt), Johnny Stutzman (JoS), Marianne Taylor, Lila Theis, Quentin Thigpen, Jane Tillman, Ruben Torres, Stuart Tower, Peter Vaky, Patrick VanThull (PaV), Angelina Vasquez, Christian Walker, Lee Wallace, Elizabeth Walsh (ElW), Ron Weeks, Melinda Welton (MeW), Ed Wetzel, Susan Wheeler, Deborah Whiting, Greg Whittaker, Brad Wier, Danya Williams (DaW), Brandon Woo (BrW), Adam Wood, Mike Woods, Pam Woods, John Yochum, Kenny Younger, Kay Zagst, Barry Zimmer, Ted Zobeck.

Acknowledgments -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. The committee would also like to thank Bill Clark, Peter Pyle, Don Roeber, and Corey Roelke for providing the TBRC with assistance and expert opinion concerning records reviewed during 2021. The author thanks his fellow TBRC members for reviewing previous drafts of this report.

Additional Abbreviations – AOS = American Ornithologists’ Society; AOU = American Ornithologists' Union; BBNP = Big Bend National Park; GMNP - Guadalupe Mountains National Park; NP = National Park; NWR = National Wildlife Refuge; SHS = State Historic Site; SNA = State Natural Area; SP = State Park; WMA = Wildlife Management Area.


Garganey (Spatula querquedula) (7). One at Village Creek Drying Beds, Arlington, Tarrant on 12 November 2020 (KN; 2021-15; TPRF 3885). One at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron on 3 April 2021 (CD, ER, BM; 2021-39; TPRF 3839).

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) (62). One at Balmorhea Lake, Reeves on 26 December 2020 - 5 January 2021 (JM, EA; 2021-23; TPRF 3807). One at Lubbock, Lubbock on 3 January - 15 February 2021 (PK, JC, JeM, ML, JoM, JB, PeK, EC, GK; 2021-01; TPRF 3828). One at Waco Wastewater Treatment ponds, McLennan on 5-9 March 2021 (FR, EW, EC, TF; 2021-30; TPRF 3838).

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (32). One at Lake Tawakoni, Hunt on 7 February 2021 (RS; 2021-32; TPRF 3822).

Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti) (30). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo on 15 November 2020 - 5 February 2021 (BM, JH, JB, EC, DA, JoM, FrR; 2020-106; TPRF 3825). One to two at El Paso, El Paso on 21 November - 16 December 2020 (BZ; 2020-117; TPRF 3790). Two at west El Paso, El Paso on 29 November 2020 - 10 May 2021 (JP, JG; 2020-123; TPRF 3857). One at Davis Mtns. SP, Jeff Davis on 4 December 2020 - 7 January 2021 (TM, KZ, CO; 2020-150; TPRF 3803). One at Lajitas, Brewster on 12-13 December 2020 (SF, BS; 2020-145; TPRF 3798). One north of Three Rivers, Live Oak on 18-22 December 2020 (WS, JF; 2020-134). One at El Paso, El Paso on 3-18 March 2021 (BZ; 2021-36; TPRF 3837).

Mexican Violetear (Colibri thalassinus) (98). One southeast of Calaveras Lake, Bexar on 22-24 May 2021 (LM; 2021-58; TPRF 3880). One northeast of Leakey, Real on 17-18 June 2021 (MW, PW, TG; 2021-80; TPRF 3883). One at Boerne, Kendall on 24-25 June 2021 (DP; 2021-74; TPRF 3896). One at Mission, Hidalgo on 18 July 2021 (JoM; 2021-84; TPRF 3900).

Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii) (25). One at Calallen, Nueces on 6-16 July 2021 (JoM, RP, JH, MT; 2021-78; TPRF 3897).

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae) (48). One at Alpine, Brewster on 5 September - 13 October 2020 (TZ, DS, PS, CO, LS; 2020-85; TPRF 3768). One at west El Paso, El Paso on 27-28 March 2021 (JG, JK; 2021-70; TPRF 3868).

Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Leucolia violiceps) (27). One at San Angelo, Tom Green on 14 November 2020 (CL; 2020-143; TPRF 3785).

Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus) (3). One at Calliham Unit, Choke Canyon SP, McMullen on 19 December 2020 - 23 January 2021 (MB, DB, JoM, JR, CG, DS, EC, EW, RP, JaP, ToF, PF, PG, PI, SL, KY, JS; 2020-136; TPRF 3806).

Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) (7). Up to five at Brazos Bend SP and vicinity, Fort Bend on 6 May+, birds still present as of 31 Dec 2021 (ChG, JoM, MC, RP, EC, DeS, EW, JH, NB, LT, RR, HJ, JoB, AM, JL; 2021-53; TPRF 3886). One at Sherman, Grayson on 3-4 June 2021 (DM, JMc; 2021-62; TPRF 3887). One at Garner, Parker on 4-5 June 2021 (JuH; 2021-61; TPRF 3888). One near Shoveler Pond, Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 9 July - 23 August 2021 (TiF, RM; 2021-86; TPRF 3890). At least four at Sheldon Lake, Harris on 17 July+, birds still present as of 31 Dec 2021 (TR, DD, LeS, PM, SR, CTL, KB, OJ, PI; 2021-100; TPRF 3891). One west of Sugar Land, Fort Bend on 19 August 2021 (CCP; 2021-91; TPRF 3892). One at Champion Lake, Trinity River NWR, Liberty on 28 August 2021 (CP; 2021-94; TPRF 3893). These seven records represents the first seven documented records for Texas.

Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) (29). One at Bolivar Flats, Galveston on 11 December 2020 (ClL; 2020-142). One at Surfside Jetty, Brazoria on 14 December 2020 (JF; 2020-140).

Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) (52). One at Rio Bosque Wetlands Park/Jonathon Rogers Wastewater Treatment ponds, El Paso on 7-8 November 2020 (PH, JG, JS; 2020-101; TPRF 3783).

Heermann's Gull (Larus heermanni) (6). One at Lake Kirby, Taylor on 21-22 November 2020 (JaC; 2020-115; TPRF 3791).

Short-billed Gull (Larus brachyrhynchus) (46). One at Benbrook Lake/Lake Arlington, Tarrant on 25 November 2020 - 1 January 2021 (JA, EW, BC, KY, CA, TF, GC, PC; 2020-118; TPRF 3826). One at Abilene, Taylor on 3 January 2021 (JaP; 2021-10; TPRF 3801).

Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (64). One at Lewisville, Denton on 14-23 December 2020 (CW, BrS, EW, DoS, KY, JaS; 2020-126; TPRF 3817). One at San Luis Pass, Galveston on 23 March - 5 April 2021 (AS, JoM, DC; 2021-40; TPRF 3875).

Elegant Tern (Thalasseus elegans) (11). One at Bolivar Ferry landing, Galveston on 15 April 2021 (EC; 2021-54; TPRF 3871). One at Magnolia Beach, Calhoun on 10 July 2021 (JMa; 2021-85; TPRF 3898).

Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) (8). One at Balmorhea Lake, Reeves on 28 October - 5 November 2020 (SF, RP, DS, PS, EC, JS; 2020-97; TPRF 3775). One at Ascarate Lake, El Paso, El Paso on 8-18 May 2021 (JG, JoM; 2021-55; TPRF 3878).

Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis) (31). One ~21 miles southeast of Port Aransas, Nueces on 13 December 2020 (JoM; 2020-125; TPRF 3804). One near Surfside Jetties, Brazoria on 14 July 2021 (JSt; 2021-83; TPRF 3899). One near Galveston Jetties, Galveston on 19 July 2021 (SC; 2021-89; TPRF 3901).

Red-footed Booby (Sula sula) (7). One at Padre Is. Nat'l Seashore, Kleberg on 18 February 2021 (JoM; 2021-16; TPRF 3823).

Steller's Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) (1). One at Coleto Creek Reservoir, Victoria on 7 March 2021 (KG, SaR; 2021-33; TPRF 3894). This represents the first documented record for Texas.

Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) (62). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 24 April 2021 (DSm; 2021-50; TPRF 3872).

Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (36). One at Forney, Kaufman on 20-21 December 2020 (BL, JeL, TH; 2021-35; TPRF 3818). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 19 May 2021 (RP, BeM; 2021-59).

Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans) (8). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 23 November 2020 - 5 May 2021 (TH, MH, GC, DJ, WS, SK, JoM, DR, RP, PV; 2020-127; TPRF 3856).

Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (81). One at Falfurrias, Brooks on 20 November 2020 - 30 January 2021 (WS, ShC, EC, IS, TZ; 2020-113; TPRF 3816). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 22 November 2020 (GB; 2020-116; TPRF 3792). One at Salineno, Starr on 28 November 2020 - 13 February 2021 (GC, StL, JaH, WB; 2020-133; TPRF 3845). One at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron on 15-31 January 2021 (KR, ME, BSh; 2021-12; TPRF 3820). One at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 26 January - 9 March 2021 (JeF, MBS, KR, DaP; 2021-71; TPRF 3863). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 26-27 February 2021 (BM, ME; 2021-27; TPRF 3824). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 24-26 March 2021 (ST; 2021-34; TPRF 3867). One at Mission, Hidalgo on 22 May 2021 (PR, MG; 2021-60; TPRF 3881).

"Lawrence's" Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer [lawrenceii group]) (30). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 12 November 2020 - 9 February 2021 (HH, BF, TJA, GC, MBS, RD; 2020-146; TPRF 3840). One at National Butterfly Center near Mission, Hidalgo on 16 November 2020 - 7 February 2021 (TiF, LF, MG; 2020-157; TPRF 3841). One at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 27 November 2020 - 16 March 2021 (NA, DJ, RT, JoM, EC, PR, TK; 2020-147; TPRF 3843). At least one at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo on 29 November 2020 - 17 February 2021 (KrB, DaM, DJ, AB; 2020-120; TPRF 3847). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 3 December 2020 - 9 March 2021 (StL, KM, DaB, SK; 2020-131; TPRF 3848). One at McAllen Nature Center, Hidalgo on 10 December 2020 - 15 January 2021 (MM, NK, RyR; 2020-148; TPRF 3851). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 16 December 2020 - 16 March 2021 (RG, AO, JoM, EG, BE; 2020-149; TPRF 3852). One at San Juan Wetlands, Hidalgo on 4 January 2021 (JuC; 2021-76; TPRF 3861).

Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) (17). One at South Padre Is., Cameron on 20-23 May 2021 (ME, JoM, JaG; 2021-56; TPRF 3879).

Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) (52). Three south of Arroyo City, Cameron on 5 February 2019 (JB; 2021-09; TPRF 3779). One ~2 miles west of Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 9 November 2019 (MaB; 2020-102; TPRF 3767). One at Eagle Lake, Colorado on 4 November 2020 (SM; 2020-109; TPRF 3777). One ~5 miles southwest of Edna, Jackson on 11-12 November 2020 (BF, RW; 2020-104; TPRF 3784). One at Texas City, Galveston on 29 December 2020 - 19 January 2021 (NG, KOH, ToF, JoM; 2020-155; TPRF 3809).

Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax) (36). One at Boot Canyon, BBNP, Brewster on 11 June 2021 (JiC; 2021-79; TPRF 3889).

Pacific-slope Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis) (12). One to two at Southside Lions Park, San Antonio, Bexar on 16 October 2020 - 9 January 2021 (BW, ShC, MR, AC, ED, DeM; 2020-114; TPRF 3855). One to two at Falls City, Karnes on 8 November 2020 - 1 January 2021 (WS, ShC, MR, JT, DA; 2020-103; TPRF 3814). One at Goliad, Goliad on 14-25 November 2020 (WS, EC, GP, JaB; 2020-108; TPRF 3815). One at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 28 November 2020 - 13 February 2021 (TM, JiH, JB, BiS, DJ, JoM, DJ, KA, LL; 2020-156; TPRF 3846). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 3 December 2020 - 17 January 2021 (StL, PeH, PaV, DaM, RyR; 2020-139; TPRF 3849). One at Daniel's Ranch, Rio Grande Village, Brewster on 8 December 2020 (EC; 2020-128; TPRF 3797). One in west Houston, Harris on 8-21 December 2020 (DiS, CTL, AW; 2021-72; TPRF 3858). One northeast of Sargent, Matagorda on 18 December 2020 (MaH, SH, BF; 2021-20; TPRF 3805). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo on 19 December 2020 (PeH; 2020-138). One at Brazos Bend SP, Fort Bend on 19 December 2020 - 4 January 2021 (MS, JBe, BiS, GH; 2020-135; TPRF 3859). Two to three near Eagles Nest Lake, Brazoria on 2 January - 13 February 2021 (RoS, RW, RoM; 2021-73; TPRF 3860).

Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (47). One near Jamaica Beach, Galveston on 5 May 2021 (GM; 2021-66; TPRF 3874). One at South Padre Is., Cameron on 5-7 May 2021 (JoM, AgS, EA, CJ; 2021-51; TPRF 3877).

Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus) (5). One at Thompson Grove, Rita Blanca National Grasslands, Dallam on 4 October 2020 (JB; 2020-96; TPRF 3769). One 10 miles southeast of Alpine, Brewster on 5-9 November 2020 (JoS, SF, JS; 2020-100; TPRF 3782).

Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) (26). One at Alpine, Brewster on 29 November - 6 December 2020 (BoS, PS, DS, RP, CO; 2020-121; TPRF 3793).

Tamaulipas Crow (Corvus imparatus) (21). Up to nine at Brownsville Landfill, Cameron on 12 April - 19 June 2021 (BB, DR, JoM, TrG, BeF, TH, MBS, JD; 2021-45; TPRF 3895).

American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus) (10). One at McKittrick Canyon, Culberson on 7-9 February 2021 (MiH, StL; 2021-14; TPRF 3830).

Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (28). One at Mountain View Park, El Paso, El Paso on 31 December 2020 - 19 January 2021 (BZ, JoM, TJ; 2021-02; TPRF 3810).

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (52). One at Surfside, Brazoria on 13-29 October 2020 (QT, ToF, DS, RP, AN; 2020-87; TPRF 3772).

Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus) (31). One at Dalhart, Hartley/Dallam on 19 October 2020 (CW; 2020-91; TPRF 3774). One ~15 miles south of Robert Lee, Coke on 14 November 2020 (DW; 2020-110; TPRF 3787). One at Pine Springs, GMNP, Culberson on 17-21 November 2020 (MiG, MHa; 2020-112; TPRF 3788). One at White River Lake, Crosby on 2 January 2021 (PK; 2021-11; TPRF 3811). One at Plainview, Hale on 16-18 February 2021 (MO, NP; 2021-41; TPRF 3832). Up to eighteen at Palo Duro Canyon SP, Randall on 26 February - 18 March 2021 (RB, DSm, JoM, EC, MP; 2021-28; TPRF 3835). One at White River Lake, Crosby on 1-8 April 2021 (ML; 2021-38; TPRF 3870).

Lawrence's Goldfinch (Spinus lawrencei) (22). One at Franklin Mtns. SP, El Paso on 22-26 October 2020 (ElD, JG, ElW, JK; 2020-92; TPRF 3781). One ~20 miles south of Van Horn, Culberson on 14 November 2020 (BD; 2020-111; TPRF 3786).

(Slate-colored) Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca [schistacea Group]) (6). One at El Paso, El Paso on 7-9 October 2020 (JK, JG; 2020-90; TPRF 3770). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 8-9 October 2020 (LoL; 2020-93; TPRF 3771). One west of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 18-20 October 2020 (MaE, MEa; 2020-95; TPRF 3773). Two at El Paso, El Paso on 31 October 2020 (DS; 2020-98; TPRF 3776). One at Pine Springs, GMNP, Culberson on 6 November 2020 (JS; 2020-105; TPRF 3884).

Yellow-eyed Junco (Junco phaeonotus) (11). One at El Paso, El Paso on 17 October - 15 November 2020 (JG, DS, EC, AK; 2020-89; TPRF 3780). One at Boot Canyon, BBNP, Brewster on 30 March 2021 (LH; 2021-69; TPRF 3869).

Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) (48). One at Balmorhea Lake, Reeves on 15 January 2021 (DL; 2021-24; TPRF 3812).

Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus) (3). One at Arlington, Tarrant on 14-27 February 2021 (PaS, EC, EW, PC, GC; 2021-25; TPRF 3831).

Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) (39). One at Del Rio, Val Verde on 27 November 2020 - 4 January 2021 (EC, WS, MC, JoM, BrC; 2020-119; TPRF 3802). Two southeast of San Ygnacio, Zapata on 29 May 2021 (EH; 2021-63; TPRF 3882).

Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) (31). One at Gladys Porter Zoo, Brownsville, Cameron on 27 November 2020 - 17 March 2021 (DE, JoM, DR, DG; 2021-07; TPRF 3827). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 25 February - 1 March 2021 (ME, SS; 2021-26; TPRF 3834).

Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata) (16). One at South Padre Is., Cameron on 2-8 May 2021 (BH, JoM, JS; 2021-52; TPRF 3876).

Crimson-collared Grosbeak (Rhodothraupis celaeno) (60). One at Port Aransas, Nueces on 17-20 November 2020 (ScH; 2020-107; TPRF 3789). One to two at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 25 November 2020 - 25 March 2021 (GC, DaW, HH, JoM, DR, NF, TK; 2020-152; TPRF 3842). Up to three at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 27 November 2020 - 17 February 2021 (NA, MBS, StL, JiH, RyR, JoM, KA; 2020-154; TPRF 3844). One at Salineno, Starr on 6 December 2020 (JoC; 2020-132; TPRF 3795). One at Frontera, Weslaco, Hidalgo on 17 December 2020 - 8 January 2021 (FA, AV; 2020-153; TPRF 3853). One at South Padre Is., Cameron on 20-22 December 2020 (BM, JMo; 2020-158; TPRF 3799). One at Corpus Christi, Nueces on 25 December 2020 (RA; 2020-144; TPRF 3800). One at Portland, San Patricio on 27 December 2020 - 2 January 2021 (DL, AnO, MC, KC; 2020-159; TPRF 3808). One at Alamo, Hidalgo on 28 December 2020 - 1 February 2021 (PaH; 2021-77). One at Corpus Christi, Nueces on 4-27 January 2021 (JaL, LaL, JoM, MC, BrW; 2021-03; TPRF 3819). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 17 January - 12 April 2021 (RyR, NL, MBS, JoM, ToH; 2021-06; TPRF 3862). One at Harlingen, Cameron on 2 February 2021 (DoM; 2021-13; TPRF 3821). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 21 February - 19 March 2021 (RH, JoM, DR, BE; 2021-18; TPRF 3854). One at McAllen, Hidalgo on 26 February 2021 (StH; 2021-29; TPRF 3836).

Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina) (63). One at South Padre Is., Cameron on 4 November 2020 (JaG; 2020-99; TPRF 3778). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 2 December 2020 (DeR; 2020-130; TPRF 3794). One at Longoria Unit, Las Palomas WMA, Cameron on 6 December 2020 (MaC; 2020-124; TPRF 3796). One at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 9 December 2020 - 9 January 2021 (PR, BrB, SL, RyR, HH; 2020-151; TPRF 3850). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo on 19 December 2020 (PeH; 2020-137). One at Quinta Mazatlan SP, Hidalgo on 6-7 January 2021 (RyR, BeM, JoM; 2021-04; TPRF 3829). One ~20 south-southwest of Victoria, Victoria on 21 January 2021 (BF; 2021-05; TPRF 3813). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 22 February - 18 April 2021 (JoM, DR, RP, JaM; 2021-17; TPRF 3865). One at San Antonio, Bexar on 24 February - 26 March 2021 (ShC, MR, JH; 2021-19; TPRF 3864). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 31 March 2021 (RyR; 2021-37). One at Laguna Vista, Cameron on 30 April 2021 (SW; 2021-49; TPRF 3873).

Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus) (6). One at Resaca de la Palma SP, Cameron on 22 February 2021 (JY, RG; 2021-42; TPRF 3833). One at Estero Llano Grande SP, Hidalgo on 8-29 March 2021 (DPe, CH, JdL, DH, JoM; 2021-31; TPRF 3866).


A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted due to a bird being obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is not accepted because the material submitted was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members feel the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented.

Garganey (Spatula querquedula). One at Bolivar Peninsula, Galveston on 15 December 1988 (2020-160).

Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti). One ~8 miles northeast of Van Horn, Culberson on 30 May 2021 (2021-65).

Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea). One at North Padre Is., Kleberg on 15 December 1997 (2021-08).

Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima). One at Mustang Is., Nueces on 17 April 2021 (2021-47).

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus). One at Lake Tawakoni, Van Zandt on 21 January 2012 (2020-80).

Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus). One at Bryan Beach, Freeport, Brazoria on 30 March 2015 (2020-74). One at Quintana, Brazoria on 6 December 2020 (2020-141).

Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea). Three offshore 80 miles, Galveston on 21 December 2020 (2021-21).

"Lawrence's" Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer [lawrenceii group]). One at Pedernales Falls SP, Blanco on 25 October - 30 November 2014 (2020-48).

Gray Silky-flycatcher (Ptiliogonys cinereus). One at Rio Grande Village, BBNP, Brewster on 5 May 2021 (2021-64).

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis). One at Santa Elena Canyon, Brewster on 13 April 2021 (2021-46).

Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons). One at Christmas Mtns., Brewster on 16 April 2021 (2021-48).

Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus). One at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron on 26 December 2020 (2021-22).


AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS’ UNION. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds, 7th ed., American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D. C.

R Terry Chesser, Shawn M Billerman, Kevin J Burns, Carla Cicero, Jon L Dunn, Blanca E Hernández-Baños, Andrew W Kratter, Irby J Lovette, Nicholas A Mason, Pamela C Rasmussen, J V Remsen, Jr., Douglas F Stotz, Kevin Winker, 2021. Sixty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Society Check-list of North American Birds. Auk Volume 138, Issue 3.

DITTMANN, D. L., and G. W. LASLEY. 1992. How to Document Rare Birds. Birding 24:145-159.